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Chapter 49: Preparing for Surgery
Terms in this set (41)
prior to surgery
Patient education ( 5 terms)
When scheduling the appointment.
When patient arrives for the appointment.
When scheduling the appointment:
1. Approx length of time for procedure
2. Arrangements necessary for someone to accompany the patient and drive him or her home if necessary.
When patient arrives for the appointment:
1. Ascertain whether the patient has any allergies to any medications, including topical preparations, latex products and adhesive tapes.
2. Ensure that the patient has signed a surgical consent form.
3. Answer any questions concerning the procedure.
What king of clothing should you wear to the procedure?
Loose fitting clothing, clothing easy to put on and take off, and clothing appropriate for the anatomical area of the surgery.
Each instrument used in the performance of minor surgery has _______.
a specific function.
Surgical instruments used in the medical office are ______ and must be carefully maintained for the _______ and ______ function.
All surgical instruments must be properly _____ and ______.
Instrument care and handling (2 terms)
1. Instruments should be rinsed then soaked in a room temperature solution containing a detergent and a solvent immediately after each use.
2. Instruments should be placed in a plastic container for soaking to prevent damage to their points and cutting edges.
A handle similar to that of a tweezer that is squeezed between the thumb and the finger.
Designed so that the thumb and finger can be inserted into the rings.
Locking mechanism designed to close in varying degrees to hold the instrument closed.
Little fissures engraved into the surface of the blades of hemostats and forceps designed to prevent slippage and provide a firm grip.
Very sharp projections designed to hold the tissue when grasping.
Instrument classification. What are the classifications?
Cutting and disecting
Clamping and grasping
Dilating, probing and vusualization
Cutting and clamping
scissors, scalpels and curettes.
Clamping and grasping
hemostats, clamps, foreceps, and needle holders.
Dilating, probing and visualization
retractors, scopes, specula, probes and dilators.
Lister bandage scissors
cut dressing, tape, gauze and bandages.
Adson tissue forceps
grasp delicate tissue securely for control during dissection and suturing.
grasp tissue to hold, clamp or pull out of the way
Olsen Hegar needle holder
grasp suture needle
Backhaus towel foreceps
grasp towels, dressing, hold drape towels in place
Autoclave items remain sterile for ____ days if they have been properly processed.
the process of maintaining sterile throughout the surgical procedure.
Medical asepsis can be obtained through ______ or ______ such as antiseptics.
Surgical asepsis is obtained through________.
Sterilization is defined as the process of destroying all _________.
disease causing microorganisms.
Sterilization can occur by?
renders sterility by a combination of steam and pressure,
Accomplished by raising the temperature of surgical instrumentation to the designated temperature that renders it sterile.
sterilization by gas occurs with ethylene oxide.
common chemical agents are:
A routine hand washing for medical asepsis should be performed for at least ______ before and after seeing each patient.
with a hole in it
Non fenestrated drape
drape without holes.
Because the body encourages ______ accumulation, it is sometimes shaved.
______ can be used to reduce microbial growth proir to surgery.
used to examine the spine and structures of the back.
used for vaginal or rectal examinations. Legs are put in the sturrups.
Used for patients with respiratory or cardiovascular problems.
Used to examine the head, neck and chest area.
Patient may sit upright at the foot of the table. The patients upper body is at a 90 degree angle.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 49- preparing for surgery
Chapter 50: Assisting with Minor Surgery
Chapter 54: Administering Injections
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