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28 terms

Animal Behavior

STUDY
PLAY
Ethogram
description of all possible behaviors you could observe. Know what is normal for your animals
General Categories of Behavior
Allelomimetic, Ingestive and Eliminative, Maintenance, Communicative, Shelter-seeking, Sexual, Caregiving and Care Soliciting, Agonistic
Allelomimetic Behavior
gregarious species tend to do the same thing at the same time ie grazing, drinking, walking, the dominant animal leads group
Gregarious
friendly, very sociable, live in communities
Non allelomimetic behavior
withdrawn from group
Ingestive and Eliminative Behavior
foraging, grazing throughout the day, deposition, indiscrimnate: cattle, sheep, goats, and chickens, definite: swine, horses, rabbits
Non ingestive and eliminative behavior
not eating, or drinking, abnormal feces, excessive eliminations
Maintenance Behavior
condition of feathers, hair, skin, preening, bathing, grooming
Non maintenance behavior
desheveled appearance, missing patches of hair or feathers
Communicative Behaviors
vocal and non vocal
Vocal communicative behaviors
vocal: maintain contact aggression, greeting, warning.
Non vocal communicative behaviors
Non vocal signals, ear positions or angles, tail motions, hair or feathers raised
non communicative behaviors
not vocalizing, strange vocalizations, listless/droopy, body or head positions, avoid group members
Shelter Seeking Behavior
seek comfortable environment, shade or water, windbreak or top of hill, escape predators or threats like perching
Sexual Behaviors Cows
cows stand to be mounted
Sexual Behaviors Mares
mares squat and vulva winks
Sexual Behaviors Sows
sows actively seek out boars and lock legs
Estrus
state when femailes are receptive to mating
Estrous
the cycle of menistral period
Sexual Behaviors Males
courtship displays in poultry - lowered wing dance
Flehmen response
allows detection of estrus hormones
Caregiving Behavior
nesting, licking baby, increased protection, nursing
Care Soliciting Behavior
distince vocalizations when separated from mother
Fighting Agonistic Behavior
any behavior related to fighting includes threat displays and retreats also
Priority Agonistic Behavior
animals need to establish priority access to food, mates, preferred areas, results in hierarchy
Maladaptive Behavior
repetitive behaviors that serve no obvious function, feather pecking, sham dustbathing, tail and bar biting , pacing, weaving, tongue rolling, cribbing
What can contribute to maladaptive behavior
crowded housing
why should we study behavior
decide how to change management for improved productivity and welfare