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description of all possible behaviors you could observe. Know what is normal for your animals

General Categories of Behavior

Allelomimetic, Ingestive and Eliminative, Maintenance, Communicative, Shelter-seeking, Sexual, Caregiving and Care Soliciting, Agonistic

Allelomimetic Behavior

gregarious species tend to do the same thing at the same time ie grazing, drinking, walking, the dominant animal leads group


friendly, very sociable, live in communities

Non allelomimetic behavior

withdrawn from group

Ingestive and Eliminative Behavior

foraging, grazing throughout the day, deposition, indiscrimnate: cattle, sheep, goats, and chickens, definite: swine, horses, rabbits

Non ingestive and eliminative behavior

not eating, or drinking, abnormal feces, excessive eliminations

Maintenance Behavior

condition of feathers, hair, skin, preening, bathing, grooming

Non maintenance behavior

desheveled appearance, missing patches of hair or feathers

Communicative Behaviors

vocal and non vocal

Vocal communicative behaviors

vocal: maintain contact aggression, greeting, warning.

Non vocal communicative behaviors

Non vocal signals, ear positions or angles, tail motions, hair or feathers raised

non communicative behaviors

not vocalizing, strange vocalizations, listless/droopy, body or head positions, avoid group members

Shelter Seeking Behavior

seek comfortable environment, shade or water, windbreak or top of hill, escape predators or threats like perching

Sexual Behaviors Cows

cows stand to be mounted

Sexual Behaviors Mares

mares squat and vulva winks

Sexual Behaviors Sows

sows actively seek out boars and lock legs


state when femailes are receptive to mating


the cycle of menistral period

Sexual Behaviors Males

courtship displays in poultry - lowered wing dance

Flehmen response

allows detection of estrus hormones

Caregiving Behavior

nesting, licking baby, increased protection, nursing

Care Soliciting Behavior

distince vocalizations when separated from mother

Fighting Agonistic Behavior

any behavior related to fighting includes threat displays and retreats also

Priority Agonistic Behavior

animals need to establish priority access to food, mates, preferred areas, results in hierarchy

Maladaptive Behavior

repetitive behaviors that serve no obvious function, feather pecking, sham dustbathing, tail and bar biting , pacing, weaving, tongue rolling, cribbing

What can contribute to maladaptive behavior

crowded housing

why should we study behavior

decide how to change management for improved productivity and welfare

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