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Roman Republic


Roman Senate


patron/client relationship


Roman Principate






pax romana

"Roman peace"; the safety and stability guarenteed by the Roman might


the spread of the Latin language and Roman way of life


long elevated or underground conduits that carried water from a source to an urban center, using only the force of gravity

third-century crisis

the period in which political, military, and economic problems beset and nearly destroyed the Roman Empire


the process by which prices rise as money becomes worthless


reunited the entire Mediterranean Empire under his sole rule;

Shi Huangdi

"First Emperor";




the significant rise of a class of scholars during the Han period



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