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American Government Set Two - The Executive Branch COPIED
A set of American Government cards made using the REA CLEP American Government Book and American Government in Christian Perspective, as well as various online resources.
Terms in this set (49)
The electoral college is a body of electors chosen by the voters in each state to elect the President and vice President of the United States of America.
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president & vice president
Person appointed to vote in presidential elections for the major candidates
A rule or command that has the force of law (FDR ordering the military to remove all people from military zones)
An order to delay a person's punishment until a higher court can hear the case
A pardon to a group of people
A nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations
The ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm
A formal agreement between the governments of two or more countries
An agreement between the president & the leader of another country
A body of people entrusted with a mission to a government, especially an ambassador & his/her staff
An official representative of a country's government.
An effort to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers and restrictions.
A group of advisors to the president that includes the heads of 15 top-level executive departments
The collective agencies and employees of the executive branch
Federal board or commission that is not part of any cabinet department (example: the Federal Election Commission, which oversees campaign financing)
A business owned & operated by the federal government
A person appointed to a federal position by the president
Civil service worker
Person hired into a government position
Civil service system
The practice of hiring government workers on the basis of open, competitive examinations & merit
Rewarding people with govenrment jobs on the basis of their political support
Hiring people into government jobs based on their qualifications
#1 in line for the presidency
Speaker of the House
#2 in line for the presidency
President pro tempore (highest ranking Senator)
#3 in line for the presidency
Secretary of the State
#4 in line for the presidency
Found in Article 2 of the Constitution
What is the total number of electors in the electoral college?
What is the required total number of eletors to win?
Qualifications for the presidency-
He must be a "Natural Born" citizen; a minimum of 35 years old, and a resident for last 14 years
Limits Presidents to 2 terms or no more then ten years; placed in effect in 1951
Gave the order of succession: Vice President; Speaker of House; President Pro Tempore; Cabinet in order departments were created
Main officers in the executive branch
President and Vice President
The residence in Washington D.C where the president lives and works.
Latin for "I forbid"; when President rejects a bill passed by Congress
What is the main duty of the Executive Branch?
The main duty of the Executive is to carry out or enforce our nation's laws (i.e putting laws into action)
The Roles of the President: Chief of State
The President is the living symbol of the U.S. and presides over her ceremonial duties.
The Roles of the President: Commander in Chief
The Constitution make the President the head of the nation's armed forces.
The Roles of the President: Chief Executive
The President enforces U.S. laws, creates policies, hires and fires officials within the executive branch, and appoints Federal judges. The Senate must approve many appointments, including Cabinet secretaries and Supreme Court Justices.
The Roles of the President: Chief Diplomat
The President can make treaties with other countries (although the Senate must approve them.) The President, working with the Secretary of State, shapes policies for dealing with other nations.
The Roles of the President: Party Chief
The President is the head of the political party he represents.
State of the Union
The yearly speech Presidents are required to give on the state of the nation.
Special Session of Congress
The President has the power to call the one or both houses of Congress to a special meeting.
The President has the power to legally forgive a person for a federal offense and to free them from all punishment.
The act of choosing and placing someone in a job; a job for which a person is chosen.
A special group of judges who preside over little-publicized informal law cases arising out of agency decisions. Often referred to as the "hidden judiciary".
Who completely retired the national debt?
Deficit spending is the amount by which spending exceeds revenue over a particular period of time, also called simply deficit, or budget deficit; the opposite of budget surplus. The term may be applied to the budget of a government, private company, or individual.
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