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25 terms

US unit 2 vocab

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American System-
a pre-Civil War set of measures designed to unify the nation and strengthen its economy by means of protective tariffs, a national bank, an such international improvements as the development of a transportation system
Annex -
to incorporate a territory into an existing political unit, such as a state or a nation
Armistice -
a truce, or argument to end an armed conflict
Bank of the United States-
either of the two national banks, funded by the federal government and the private investors, established by congress, the first in 1791 and the second in 1816
Cabinet-
the group of department heads who serve as the president's chief advisors
Embargo-
a government ban on trade with one or more other nations
Excise tax-
a tax on the production, sale, or consumption of goods produced within a country
"Fifty-Four Forty of Fight!"-
A slogan in the 1844 presidential campaigns call for the U.S annexation of the entire Oregon Territory
Forty-niners -
one of the people who migrated to California in search of riches, after gold was discovered there in 1848
Gold Rush-
a movement of many people to a region in which gold has been discovered
Impressment-
the forcible seizures of men for military service
Manifest Destiny-
the 19th-century belief that the United States would inevitably expand westward to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexican territory
Mass Production-
the production of goods in large quantities, made possible by the use of machinery and the division of labor
Midnight Judge-
one of the judges appointed by John Adams in the last hours of his administration
Nationalism-
a devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation
Neutrality -
a refusal to take part in a war between other nations
Nullification-
a state's refusal to recognize an act of Congress that it considers unconstitutional
Patronage-
an office holder's power to appoint people- usually those who have him or her get elected- to positions in government
Popular sovereignty-
a system in which the residents vote to decide an issue
Protective tariff-
a tax on imported goods that is intended to protect a nation's business from forgiven competition
Sectionalism-
the placing of the interests on one's own region ahead of the interests of the nation as a whole
Spoils system-
the practice of winning candidates' rewarding their supporters with government jobs
War Hawk-
one of the members of Congress who favored war with Britain in the early years of the 19th century
Whig Party-
the political party formed in 1834 to oppose the policies of Andrew Jackson
Writ of Mandamus-
an order by a court to a public official to perform a ministerial act that the law recognizes as an absolute duty and not a matter for the official's discretion; used only when all other judicial remedies fail