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Midterm for CIS course 517, taken on November 6th, 2011.

statement of work

A(n) ____ is a document that describes the products or services to be created by the project team.

project organizational structure

Project managers have the most authority in a pure ____.


The ____ approach involves refining the work into greater and greater levels of detail.

functional organizational structure

Project managers have the least amount of authority in a pure ____.

analogy approach

In the ____, you use a similar project's WBS as a starting point.


Project ____ management is an overarching function that affects and is affected by all of the other knowledge areas.

project responsibilities

The ____ section of the project plan should describe the major project functions and activities and identify those individuals who are responsible for them.


The project ____ usually provides the direction and funding for the project.


Many people confuse tasks on a WBS with ____.

Work performance information

Which of the following is an important input to the integrated change control process?

scope statement

The ____ should list and describe all of the deliverables required for the project.

Defining activities

____ results in supporting detail to document important product information as well as assumptions and constraints related to specific activities.

Information Technology Strategy Planning

In the ____ stage, organizations tie information technology strategy to mission and vision of organization and identify key business areas.

Create WBS

____ is a planning process falling under the Project Scope Management knowledge area.

activity attributes

The ____ provide(s) schedule-related information about each activity, such as predecessors, successors, logical relationships, leads and lags, resource requirements, constraints, imposed dates, and assumptions related to the activity.


What works on one project may not work on another, so it is essential for project managers to continue to develop their knowledge and ____ in managing projects.


The project integration management knowledge area maps to the ____ process group through the activities of developing project charters.

Tracking Gantt chart

Project managers often illustrate progress with a ____ showing key deliverables and activities.

Developing the project management plan

____ involves coordinating all planning efforts to create a consistent, coherent document.


In a ____ relationship, the "from" activity cannot start until the "to" activity is started.


The Project Management ____, a Web site for people involved in project management, provides an alphabetical directory of more than 300 project management software solutions.


During ____ processes for a new project, the organization recognizes that a new project exists, and completes a project charter as part of this recognition.


According to the Standish Group study describing what factors contribute most to the success of information technology projects, ____ percent of successful projects are led by experienced project managers.


The ____ tasks vary the most from project to project.

triple constraint

The limitations of scope, time, and cost goals are sometimes referred to as the ____.


In a ____ relationship, the "from" activity must finish before the "to" activity can start.

controlling the schedule

Outputs from ____ include work performance measurements, organizational process assets updates, change requests, project management plan updates, and project document updates.


The term ____ describes a product produced as part of a project.


There are ____ main processes involved in project time management.


Of the following constraints, it is most difficult to describe, agree upon, and meet the ____ goal of many projects.

monitoring and controlling

The project procurement management knowledge area maps to the ____ process group through the activity of administering procurements.

strategic planning

Many people are familiar with SWOT analysis—analyzing Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats—which is used to aid in ____.

Gantt charts

____ provide(s) a standard format for displaying project schedule information by listing project activities and their corresponding start and finish dates in a calendar format.

kick-off meeting

A ____ is a meeting held at the beginning of a project so that stakeholders can meet each other, review the goals of the project, and discuss future plans.

the last year of the cash flow

In the mathematical formula for determining the NPV, the variable n is ____.

Sequencing activities

____ involves identifying and documenting the relationships between project activities.


The ____ approach is best suited to project managers who have vast technical insight and a big-picture perspective.


____ is crucial in information technology projects because once a project team implements a new system, it takes a considerable amount of effort to change the system.


On a network diagram, all arrowheads should face toward the ____.

balanced scorecard

A(n) ____ is a methodology that converts an organization's value drivers, such as customer service, innovation, operational efficiency, and financial performance, to a series of defined metrics.

lower costs

Many organizations assert that using project management provides advantages, such as ____.

Collecting requirements

____ involves defining and documenting the features and functions of the products produced during the project as well as the processes used for creating them.

defining activities

The goal of ____ is to ensure that the project team has complete understanding of all the work they must do as part of the project scope so they can start scheduling the work.

soft skills

Achieving high performance on projects requires ____, otherwise called human relations skills.

project controls

The ____ section of the project management plan describes how to monitor project progress and handle changes.

mind mapping

After discovering WBS items and structure using the ____ technique, you could then translate the information into chart or tabular form.

developing the schedule

The ultimate goal of ____ is to create a realistic project schedule that provides a basis for monitoring project progress for the time dimension of the project.

Defining scope

____ involves reviewing the project charter, requirements documents, and organizational process assets to create a scope statement, adding more information as requirements are developed and change requests are approved.

feeding buffers

Critical chain scheduling protects tasks on the critical chain from being delayed by using ____, which consist of additional time added before tasks on the critical chain that are preceded by non-critical-path tasks.

Organizational culture

____ is a set of shared assumptions, values, and behaviors that characterize the functioning of an organization.

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