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40 terms

History India/China Cards

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Aryans
migrated from the Caspian Sea/Asian Steppe in 1500 BC; invaded Dravidians
Caste System
Social heirarchy used in Hinduism, made up of Brahmins (priests), Kshatriyas (Warriors), Vaishyas (traders and landowners), Shudras (Laborers and peasants), and untouchables
Chandragupta
began the Mauryan Empire by killing King of Nanda, claimed throne in 321 BC; battled Selecus from 305-303 BC; unifies India for the first time
Mauryan Empire
began in 321 BC after killing of Nanda king
Arhasastra
book on government and rule written by Chandragupta's teacher Kautilya
Asoka
Chadragupta's grandson; ruled from 269-232 BC; converted to Buddhism and promoted religious tolerace
religious toleration
the acceptance of people who held different religious beliefs
Tamil
language spoken by Tamil people who immigrated in 185 BC
Gupta Empire
India's second empire; built after Chadra Gupta married into a royal family; from AD 320-500; established a patriarchial society
patriarchial
head of household was eldest male
matriarchial
head of household was eldest mother/female
Mahayana
sect who did not hold on to old beliefs; adapted new teachings and beliefs
Theravada
sect who held onto the Buddha's oldest beliefs
Stupas
stone structures that were mounted and built over holy relics
Brahma
Hinduism God of the World
Vishnu
Hinduism preserver
Shiva
Hinduism destroyer of the world
Kalidasa
one of the India's greatest writers; wrote a play called Shakuntala, and emotionally skillfull writings
Silk Roads
Roads used for silk trades of India, Asia, and Rome; Indians acted as middlemen; told to Indians by Asian Nomads
Qin Dynasty
replaced the Zhou Dynasty and emerged from Qin; used legalist ideas; around 3 BC
Shi Huangdi
ruler of Qin Dynasty in 221 BC; defeated invaders and developed autocracy; died in 210 BC
autocracy
government with unlimited power; self ruled
Han Dynasty
ruled China for more than 400 years; divided into 4 periods; ruled by 2 Hans; both ruled for about two centuries
centralized government
central authority controlling the running of a state
Lui Bang
fought Xiang Yu in 202 BC; first emperor of Han Dynasty; lowered taxes and softened punishments; died in 195 BC; general of Xiang Yu
Allah
the god of Islam; concept or belief in one god
Muhammad
prophet of Hinduism who "spoke" to the angel Gabriel; moved from Mecca in 622 BC; 570-632 AD
Islam
"submission to the will of Allah"; spread by Muhammad
Muslim
"one who has submitted"; followers of Islam
Hijrah
moved from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina) by Muhammad in 622 AD; attracted followers
Mosque
an Islamic house of worship used for prayer five times a day
Hajj
pilgrimage to Mecca that Muslims should complete at least once in their lifetime unless physically or not financially able
Quran
holy book of Islam written in Arabic; only Arabic considered real words of Allah
Caliph
successor or deputy
Umayyads
family that came to power after Ali; moved capital to Damascus; caused split in Muslim community
Shi'a
group that believed caliph should be a descendent of Muhammad; believed Sunni's were wrong
Sunni
group that did not believe a caliph should be a descendent of Muhammad; followed Muhammad's example; believed Shias were wrong
Sufi
pursued a life of poverty and spirtual devotion; did not live luxurious lives
Abbasids
took control of empire in 750 AD; in 762 moved capital to Baghdad; made a single currency Dinar; murdered remaining Umayyads
Al Andulus
fled to Spain and set up