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Social heirarchy used in Hinduism, made up of Brahmins (priests), Kshatriyas (Warriors), Vaishyas (traders and landowners), Shudras (Laborers and peasants), and untouchables
began the Mauryan Empire by killing King of Nanda, claimed throne in 321 BC; battled Selecus from 305-303 BC; unifies India for the first time
Chadragupta's grandson; ruled from 269-232 BC; converted to Buddhism and promoted religious tolerace
India's second empire; built after Chadra Gupta married into a royal family; from AD 320-500; established a patriarchial society
one of the India's greatest writers; wrote a play called Shakuntala, and emotionally skillfull writings
Roads used for silk trades of India, Asia, and Rome; Indians acted as middlemen; told to Indians by Asian Nomads
ruler of Qin Dynasty in 221 BC; defeated invaders and developed autocracy; died in 210 BC
ruled China for more than 400 years; divided into 4 periods; ruled by 2 Hans; both ruled for about two centuries
fought Xiang Yu in 202 BC; first emperor of Han Dynasty; lowered taxes and softened punishments; died in 195 BC; general of Xiang Yu
prophet of Hinduism who "spoke" to the angel Gabriel; moved from Mecca in 622 BC; 570-632 AD
pilgrimage to Mecca that Muslims should complete at least once in their lifetime unless physically or not financially able
family that came to power after Ali; moved capital to Damascus; caused split in Muslim community
group that did not believe a caliph should be a descendent of Muhammad; followed Muhammad's example; believed Shias were wrong
took control of empire in 750 AD; in 762 moved capital to Baghdad; made a single currency Dinar; murdered remaining Umayyads
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