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Separation of Powers

Division of authority into the three branches

Rule of Law

Everyone, including government officials, must obey the law

Popular Sovereignty

People having authority or power


Two levels of government, state and national, with national (federal) being supreme

Checks and Balances

Three branches use their powers to keep each other from abusing powers

Concurrent Powers

Powers that both state and federal government have (taxing, parks, courts...)

Implied Powers

Suggested powers of Congress; not specifically written in Constitution

Expressed, Delegated, or Enumerated Powers

Powers of the national government (military, international trade, printing money...)

Supremacy Clause

Article 6 of Constitution - national government overrules states if there is a conflict

Elastic Clause

Article 1, Section 8, clause 18 - grants Congress power to pass laws on issues not stated in Constitution; implied power










The introduction

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