25 terms

Cell Structures

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

prokaryote
A cell without a nucleus or internal membranes
Bacteria
This is an example of a prokaryote
Eukaryote
a cell with a nucleus and internal membranes
Plant and Animal Cell
2 Examples of Eukaryotic Cells
cell membrane
regulates what enters and leaves the cell
cell membrane
made up of a phospholipid bilayer
cell wall
found in plant cells only and it is located outside of the cell membrane
cell wall
this is composed of cellulose
chloroplasts
organelle found in plant cells only. Its function is to trap light energy from the sun and convert it to chemical energy during photosynthesis
chloroplasts
use sunlight energy to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water, oxygen is released as a waste product
cytoplasm
jelly-like material made of water, NaCl, and organic material; contains organelles
endoplasmic reticulum
transports proteins between the nucleus and the cell membrane
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
organelle that consists of an interconnected membrane network of folded sacs and tunnel; no ribosomes
rough endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes are found on the surface of this organelle
mitochondrion
this organelle produces useable energy for cells by converting glucose and oxygen into carbon dioxide and water
mitochondria
these organelles carry out cellular respiration
nucleus
this is the information center of the cell or the "brains" of the cell; it directs all cell activities
nucleus
this part of the cell contains chromatin
nucleolus
location where ribosomes are assembled
nuclear membrane
controls what enters and leaves the nucleus
DNA
contained in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells, contains instructions for making proteins
ribosomes
organelle that is the site of protein synthesis
lysosome
small organelle that contains enzymes that digest food particles, broken cell parts, and bacteria that are trapped by white blood cells
golgi body
organelle that modifies, sorts and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum
vacuole
stores water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates