Supreme Court decision that the Bill of Rights could be applied only to the government, not the states and cities.
Gitlow v. New York
Supreme Court decision that the Fourteenth Amendment had extended certain provisions of the First Amendment.
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Supreme Court decision that said the aid to church-related schools must (1) have a secular legislative purpose; (2) have a primary effect that doesn't advance or inhibit religion; and (3) not foster excessive government entanglement with religion.
Engel v. Vitale
Supreme Court decision that stated that state officials violated the First Amendment if they wrote a prayer to be recited by New York's schoolchildren.
School District of Abington Township, Pennsylvania v. Schempp
Supreme Court decision saying that Bible reading in schools violated the establishment clause of the First Amendment.
Near v. Minnesota
Supreme Court decision that the First Amendment protects newspapers from prior restraint.
Schenck v. United States
the conviction of a socialist who urged young men to resist the draft during World War I.
Zurcher v. Stanford Daily
Supreme Court decision saying that a proper search warrant can be applied to a newspaper along with anyone else without violating the First Amendment rights to freedom of the press.
Roth v. United States
Supreme Court decision that obscenity has nothing to do with constitutionally protected speech or press.
Miller v. California
Supreme Court decision that avoided defining what is obscene or not.
New York Times v. Sulllivan
Rules for figuring whether public officials and public figures could win damage suits for libel.
Texas v. Johnson
Supreme Court made a law banning the burning of the American flag because it was symbolic speech protected by the First Amendment.
Miami Herald Publishing Company v. Tornillo
Supreme Court decided that a state could not force a newspaper to print replies from candidates it had criticized.
Red Lion Broadcasting Company v. FCC
Supreme Court made restrictions on radio and television broadcasting.
NAACP v. Alabama
Supreme Court protected the right to assemble after deciding the NAACP did not have to reveal its membership list and subject its members to harassment.
Mapp v. Ohio
Supreme Court decision that the Fourth Amendment's protection against unreasonable searches and seizures must be extended to the states as well as the federal government.
Miranda v. Arizona
Supreme Court decision that makes rules for police questioning of accused persons to protect them from self-incrimination and their right to counsel.
Gideon v. Wainwright
Protects individuals accused of crimes.
Gregg v. Georgia
Supreme Court decision saying that the death penalty is an extreme sanction and is suitable to the most extreme crimes.
McCleskey v. Kemp
Supreme Court decision that the death penalty violated the Fourteenth Amendment.
Roe v. Wade
Supreme Court decision that a state ban on all abortions was unconstitutional.
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
Supreme Court supported the right to have an abortion but lowered the standard for analyzing restrictions of that right.