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states rights

the right of states to limit the power f the federal government


practice of dividing power between the federal government and the state government

separation of powers

dividing the powers of the government among separate branches

checks and balances

each branch of the U.S government can check the power of other branches

executive branch

branch of government that carries out the laws

legislative branch

branch of government that makes the laws

judicial branch

branch of government that interprets the laws


a change in the constitution

electoral collage

a group of electors who meet every four years to elect the new president


to reject; as when the president rejects a law passed by the congress

bill of rights

freedoms the government must protect also the 1st amendment to the U.S constitution


means that there are 2 houses in the legislative branch


to officially approve something

house of representatives

the larger of the 2 bodies of the legislative branch: based on population


the smaller of the 2 bodies of legislative branch: based 2 reps. per state

constitutional convention

gathering of state reps. to revise the articles of confederation

articles of confederation

the 1st American constitution that created the a loose alliance of the 13 states


document that sets out the laws and organization of the government

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