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chapter 24 Review - world war looms
Terms in this set (45)
political system in which the government exercises complete control over its citizens lives `
political philosophy that advocates a strong, centralized, nationalistic government headed by a powerful dictator
political philosophy based on extreme nationalism, racism, and militaristic expansionism
an autobiographical manifesto by Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, in which he outlines his political ideology and future plans for Germany.
opposition to political and economic entanglements with other countries
Roosevelt gave a quarantine speech in which he called on peace- loving Nations to quarantine or isolate aggressor nations in order to stop the spread of war
the granting of concessions to a hostile power in order to keep the peace
an agreement in which two nations promise not to go to war with each other
a sudden. massive attack with combined air and ground forces, intended to achieve a quick victory
the systematic murder- or genocide- of jews and other groups in Europe by the Nazis before and during WWII
"night of broken glass" a name given to the night of November 9,, 1938 when gangs of Nazi storm troopers attacked jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues in Germany
the deliberate and systematic extermination of a particular racial, national, or religious groups
the final solution
the Nazi policy of exterminating European Jews
prison camps operated by nazi in which jews and other groups were starved and worked to death
ovens to burn the bodies
cash and carry program
a system of wholesale trading whereby goods are paid for in full at the time of purchase and taken away by the purchaser.
group of nations including Germany, Italy, Japan- that opposed the allies in WWII
president would lend arms and other supplies to any countries who defense was vital to the United States
declaration of principles in which the United States and Great Britain set forth their goals in opposing the Axis Power
us naval base that was attacked
Why did Japan feel it needed to attack the United States
Because US and its pacific islands stood in Japans way to an empire
What were the results of the German invasion of Poland
The non aggression pact was signed
- agreed to not fight one another ( a secret pact agreed to divide Poland between themselves
What were the effects of the Neutrality Act passed by the United States in the 1930s?
-outlawed sale of weapons or loans to nations at war
- No credit would be extended toothless countries
- Banned arm sales and loans to nations undergoing civil war
- Goods had to be sold on a "cash- and - carry" basis
- NO americans were allowed to travel on ships of belligerent nations
- No American ships could transport goods purchased by belligerent nations
Why did France and Great Britain enter the war
Because they were invaded
What are characteristics of fascist Nations? what do they believe?
-stressed nationalism and placed the interest of the state above those of individuals
- the believed to strengthen the nation power must rest with a single strong leader and a small group of devoted party members
what does Nazism believe
- extreme nationalism
- wanted to enforce racial "purification"
- national expansion
What was significant about Hitler's occupation of the Rhineland in 1933?
It was a demilitarized zone near France and Belgum
Battle of Britain
Hitler backed off because they could not defeat Britain RAF
What was majdanek
what were the Nuremberg Laws?
stripped the jews of their civil rights and property if they tried to leave Germany, and tJews had to wear yellow star of David
The Great Arsenal of democracy
They had to turn into the GAOD to defeat the Axis threat
the only dissenting vote
Britain's war-time prime minister and close ally of President Roosevelt during the war
totalitarian ruler of the Soviet union from the 1920s-1953
this dictator became an ally of Hitler, called himself II duce
The leader of a fascist rebellion in Spain in the mid 1930s
The British prime minister agreed to HItler's takeover of the Sudetenland in 1936, saying that his agreement with Herr Hitler gives us "peace in our time"
Japan's prime minister during WWII
Charles De Gaulle
ruler of the French "government-in-exile"
Leader of the Nazi party and Germany during WWII
Four Freedom speech
speech FDR gave
at the beginning of WWII in Europe, a months long lull in the war was referred to in the papers as this
Maginot Line (france Eastern border)
where French and British troops sat at while German troops sat the the siegreid line