44 terms

World War II (1939-1945)

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Vernon Baker
(1919-2010) World War II - Italy. Medal of Honor winner.
World War II
1939-1945, world wide conflict between Axis (Italy, Germany, Japan) & Allied Powers (Britain, U.S., Russia). Most destructive conflict in
history.
Bataan Death March
1942 - forced march of POWs through the jungle (Pacific). 5000 Americans, almost ½ of prisoners died from starvation, disease, exposure and no
water; Many were shot, beheaded or left to die
Executive Order 9066
1942-Relocated Japanese Americans to internment camps. They lost their property and businesses. Supreme Court allowed it under the conditions of war.
Tuskegee Airmen
African American fighter group during WWII. They provided escorts for bombers pilots. They performed so well they were often requested by pilots.
Japanese Admiral
"I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant [US] and fill him with a terrible resolve." - after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
General Marshall
WWII Army Chief of Staff and adviser to FDR.
Created "Marshall Plan" to rebuild Europe after WWII.
Holocaust
WWI genocide - German aggression led by Adolf Hitler that killed 10 million Jews, Slavs, gypsies, old, mentally ill, and others.
General Patton
Army General/tank commander during WWII who led the 3rd Army on the final assault against Germany. Known for being brash/arrogant.
militarism
the building of military strength and pride within a country
Chester W. Nimitz
Commander of the U.S. Navy Fleet in the Pacific during WWII. Known for the Allied victory at the Battle of Midway
General MacArthur
Commander of the U.S. Army in the Pacific during WWII. Later in charge of the occupation of Japan.
D-Day (WWII)
June 6, 1944 - Allied troops landed on the beaches of Normandy, France. Largest amphibious assault in history. Turning point of WWII.
Attack on Pearl Harbor
Dec. 7, 1941 - surprise attack by the Japanese on the U. S. fleet at Pearl Harbor. Caused U.S. to enter WWII
"A date which will live in infamy..."- Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt
Attack on Pearl Harbor
Mussolini
Facist Dictator of Italy during WWII
Hitler
Facist Dictator of Germany during WWII
General Eisenhower
Commander of Allied Forces during WWII; President in the early 50s
Battle of the Bulge
German counter-attack on December 1944 as Allies crossed the Rhine River. Allied victory.
Nazi Party
Fascist dominate political party in Germany during WWII. Emphasized policies of nationalism, expansion, state control, and racism.
Nuremberg Trials
German leaders' trials for war crimes during WWII
Axis powers
Alliance of Germany, Italy, Japan during WWII.
Allied powers
Alliance of Great Britain, France, Soviet Union during WWII
Blitzkrieg
German war tactic - "lightning fast" war; a swift, sudden military offensive
September 1, 1939
Hitler began his invasion of Poland and started WWII.
Final Solution
Hitler's plan to rid Germany of Jews and other "inferior" people groups
Victory Gardens
Americans were encouraged to grow vegetables at home so that more of the food raised by farmers could be shipped to troops
Navajo Code Talkers
Native Americans used encrypted radio messages in their native language during WWII
Effect of WWII
United States emerged as a world leader; "super power"
Joseph Stalin
Leader of the Soviet Union during WWII
Winston Churchill
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
Eleanor Roosevelt
wife of FDR, First lady of the United States during WWII. Fought for civil rights for African Americans and women. Visited American soldiers all over the world.
Atomic Bomb
Ended WWII in the Pacific; Developed by the Manhattan Project
Marshall Plan
Plan to rebuild Europe after WWII
Appeasement
Policy of the France and England as they allowed Hitler to invade Austria and Czechoslovakia
fascism
a political philosophy that: (1) puts nation and race above the individual; (2) centralized autocratic government and a
dictatorial leader; (3) severe economic and social
regulation, and (4) forced suppression of opposition
Anti-Semitism
prejudice, hatred of, or discrimination
against Jews
Franklin D. Roosevelt
FDR - President of the United States during Great Depression and WWII
Harry S. Truman
President of the United States during WWII who decided to drop atomic weapons on Japan. Assisted in founding of the United Nations.
dictator
A ruler who has absolute, unrestricted control
in a government
Lend-Lease Act
US polict to sell, lend, or lease war materials to our allies in WWII
War Bonds
Bonds purchased by Americans to help finance WWII
mobilize
to prepare the military for war
Battle of Midway
Turning point of the war in the Pacific. US defeated Japanese Navy.

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