28 terms

APGOV chapter 4 supreme court cases

Gins vocabulary
barron v. baltimore
supports the idea that the bill of rights restraints the federal government only, not state or local government
branzburg v. hayes
when the right to a fair trial preempts a writer's rights to protect source
edwards v. aguillard
rejected the teaching of creation science in public schools
engel v. vitale
ruled that recitation of prayer in public school violated the establishment clause
gideon v. wainwright
supreme court ordered states to provide lawyers for everyone accused of a felony
gitlow v. new york
protected freedom of speech and press from "impairment by the states"
gregg v. georgia
said death penalty is "an extreme sanction, suitable to the most extreme of crimes" use in very "extreme crimes," not petty!
griswold v. connecticut
supreme court said that various parts of the bill of rights casts "penumbras" that protect the right to privacy
lemon v. kurtzman
Supreme Court made the Lemon Test. It sent the money to church-schools.
lynch v. donelly
allows religious scenes to be set open public property
mapp v. ohio
incorporated the exclusionary rule to restrict state and local government
mccleskey v. kemp
said death penalty was constitutional and didn't violate 14th amendment because minority defendants were more likely to get death than white ones
miller v. california
established an obscenity test tried to establish material that were obscene
miranda v. arizona
set guidelines for police questioning of suspects
naacp v. alabama
ruled a group's membership list protected by the freedom of association
near v. minnesota
it ruled prior restraint of speech and press to be illegal most of the time
new york times v. sullivan
against a "private person," just need to show defamatory false hood and author was negligent
osborne v. ohio
states may protect children from obscenity, but adults must have legal access to the same materials
planned parenthood v. casey
permits more regulations on abortions
roe v. wade
dividing pregnancy into trimesters
roth v. united states
ruled that obscenity is not protected by speech and press
schenck v. united states
government can limit speech if it provokes a clear and present danger
school district of abington township, pennsylvania v. schempp
recitation of bible passages in public schools violated the establishment clause
texas v. johnson
flag burning is protected
united states v. o'brien
the burning of a draft card is not protected symbolic speech
woodson v. north carolina
ruled against mandatory death penalty
zelman v. simmons-harris
supreme court allowed some families to use vouchers to pay tuition at religious schools
zurcher v. stanford
supports police rights to get a search warrant for the files of a student newspaper