92 terms

Science

Science Discussion Questions 1. What types of breakthroughs do you think will happen in: a. computer science b. artificial intelligence c. DNA/human development d. astronomy/other planets e. energy f. medicine/health care g. chemistry/materials 2. What were you science classes like when you were high school? (Ex. textbooks, activities, projects) 3. Which areas of science interest you the most? 4. What types of science do you think are most useful for people to learn about in school? Least us…
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theory
Darwin's _______ of evolution says that plants and animals change over time and adapt to their environments in order to survive. = an idea or set of ideas that is intended to explain something about life or the world
survive
They are not sure if the plants will ______ this cold winter. = to continue to live normally in spite of many problems
adapt
Animals have to _____ to new environments in order to survive. = to gradually change your behavior and attitudes in order to be successful in a new situation
analyze
The scientists have to ______ the data before they can say what caused this problem. = to examine or think about something carefully, in order to understand it
discoveries
Astronomers have made important _______ about our galaxy using the Hubble Telescope. = a fact or thing that someone finds out about, when it was not known about before
experiment
The scientists did an ________ to see what happens when they combine these chemicals. = a scientific test done to find out how something reacts under certain conditions, or to find out if a particular idea is true
evidence
At present we have no ______ of life on other planets. = facts or signs that show clearly that something exists or is true
objective
Scientists need to be _______ when doing research. = based on facts, or making a decision that is based on facts rather than on your feelings or beliefs; opposite of subjective
invented
Alexander Graham Bell _______ the telephone in 1876. = to make, design, or think of a new type of thing
hypothesis
A good scientist forms a ________ and then does experiments or observation to see if it is true. = an idea that is suggested as an explanation for something, but that has not yet been proved to be true
prove
The results of her experiment ______ that his hypothesis was right. = to show that something is true by providing facts, information etc
statistics
The scientific report includes many ______. = a set of numbers which represent facts or measurements
randomly
The people in the experiment were _______ put into two groups. = happening or chosen without any definite plan, aim, or pattern; by chance
control
There was a ______ group to see drug really had an effect during the experiment. = a person, group etc in an experiment that does not get the drug, etc. to see if the drug really works or the effects are just by chance.
obsolete
The typewriter is now pretty much _____. = no longer useful, because something newer and better has been invented
chemistry
She studied ______ in college. = the science that is concerned with studying the structure of substances and the way that they change or combine with each other
engineering
_______ is a popular major. = the work involved in designing and building roads, bridges, machines etc
fusion
The Sun uses _____ to produce light and heat by combining hydrogen atoms. = a physical combination of separate things
fission
The atomic bomb and nuclear power plants use _____ to create energy. = the process of splitting an atom to produce large amounts of energy or an explosion
thermodynamics
Newton has four laws of _____. = the science that deals with the relationship between heat and other forms of energy
atom
Hydrogen is the simplest element and is an _____ that has one proton and one electron. = the smallest part of an element that can exist alone or can combine with other substances to form a molecule:
molecule
A water ______ contains one atom of oxygen and two atoms of hydrogen. = the smallest unit into which any substance can be divided without losing its own chemical nature, usually consisting of two or more atoms:
element
Hydrogen is the simplest _____. = a simple chemical substance such as carbon or oxygen that consists of atoms of only one kind
photosynthesis
The children studied _____ in school. = the process that green plants use to convert sunlight into energy.
species
The biologists were studying several _____ of birds. = a group of animals or plants whose members are similar and can breed together to produce young animals or plants
radioactive
Nuclear power plants produce ______ waste. = substance is dangerous because it contains radiation (=a form of energy that can harm living things)
generate
Wind turbines _______ electricity for the local community = to produce heat, electricity, or another form of energy
particle
The scientist use a _______ accelerator to study quantum physics. = one of the types of pieces of matter including.electrons, protons, and neutrons that make up atoms
substance
The leaves were covered with a strange sticky _______ = a particular type of solid, liquid, or gas.
mass
The Sun makes up 99.9% of the _______ of our solar system. = the amount of material in something
volume
The scientists measured the ______ of container = the amount of space in a container
compound
Sulphur dioxide is a ______ of sulphur and oxygen. = a substance containing atoms from two or more elements; a combination of two or more things
formulas
The students had to memorize some ______. = a series of numbers or letters that represent a mathematical or scientific rule
bonds
In each methane molecule there are four CH ______. = the chemical force that holds atoms together in a molecule:
orbit
The earth is in _____ around the Sun. = the curved path travelled by an object which is moving around another much larger object such as the Earth, the sun etc
electricity
The _____ went out during the storm. = the power that is carried by wires, cables etc, and is used to provide light or heat, to make machines work etc
balance
Pesticides seriously upset the ____ of nature. = a state in which opposite forces or influences exist in equal or the correct amounts, in a way that is good
reaction
There was a chemical _____ that caused the explosion. = a chemical change that happens when two or more substances are mixed together
acid
He burned himself when the ____ touched his skin. = a chemical substance that has a pH of less than 7. When it is strong it can burn holes in material or damage your skin; opposite of base
evolution
Charles Darwin came up with the theory of ______. = the scientific idea that plants and animals develop and change gradually over a long period of time
gravity
There is no ____ in the space shuttle. = the force that causes something to fall to the ground or to be attracted to another planet
properties
One of the _______ of a diamond is that it is very hard. = a quality or power that a substance, plant etc has [= quality, characteristic]:
gas
There was a poisonous ____ in the room. = a substance such as air, which is not solid or liquid, and usually cannot be seen
solid
Ice is the ______ form of water. = a firm object or substance that has a fixed shape, not a gas or liquid:
liquid
Water is a ______. = a substance that is not a solid or a gas, for example water or milk:
physics
He is taking a _____ class. = the science concerned with the study of physical objects and substances, and of natural forces such as light, heat, and movement
motion
She studies the _____ of the planets. = the process of moving or the way that someone or something moves
electron
a very small piece of matter with a negative electrical charge that moves around the nucleus (=central part) of an atom [↪ proton, neutron]
neutron
The ____ is the part of an atom that has no electrical charge
proton
The ____ is a very small piece of matter with a positive electrical charge that is in the central part of an atom
magnet
Don't put your BART card next to a ____. = a piece of iron or steel that can stick to metal or make other metal objects move towards itself
electromagnetism
This machine uses _____. = a force relating to electric and magnetic fields, or the study of this force
quantum mechanics
She is studying ______. = the scientific study of the way that atoms and smaller parts of things behave
relativity
Einstein developed the theory of _____. = the relationship in physics between time, space, and movement according to Einstein's theory
planet
Mercury is the smallest ____ in our solar system. = a very large round object in space that moves around the sun or another star
galaxy
We live in the Milky Way _____. = one of the large groups of stars that make up the universe
asteroid
The earth was hit by an _____. = a very small planet in space
comet
Haley's _____ can be seen from Earth every 75 years. = an object in space like a bright ball with a long tail, that moves around the sun
black hole
Nothing can escape a _____. = an area in outer space into which everything near it, including light, is pulled
charge
This battery has no ____. = electricity that is put into a piece of electrical equipment such as a battery
current
One type of _____ is AC, and the other is DC. = a flow of electricity through a wire
scientific method
Students learn about the _______. = the usual process of finding out information in science, which involves testing your ideas by performing experiments and making decisions based on the results
empirical
There is _____ evidence to support global warming. = based on scientific testing or practical experience, not on ideas
observations
Jane Goodall made many _____ about the behavior of gorillas.
data
The scientists collected ______ about the use of pesticides in farming. = information or facts:
biology
She got her degree in ______. = the scientific study of living things
taxonomy
Biologists organize plants and animals into a _____. = the process or a system of organizing things into different groups that show their natural relationships, especially plants or animals
genetic
This disease is ______. = relating to genes and the idea of passing things from parent to child
cell
She has a low white blood ____ count. = the smallest part of a living thing that can exist independently
botany
He is interested in ______. = the scientific study of plants
physiology
She is taking a course on ________. = the science that studies the way in which the bodies of living things work
reptiles
Lizards and alligators are _____. = a type of animal, such as a snake or lizard, whose body temperature changes according to the temperature around it, and that usually lays eggs to have babies
environment
Darwin said that living things adapt to their _______. = the natural features of a place, for example its weather, the type of land it has, and the type of plants that grow in it
ecology
He is studying _______. = the way in which plants, animals, and people are related to each other and to their environment, or the scientific study of this
ecosystem
One change in an _______ can cause a lot of damage. = all the animals and plants in a particular area, and the way in which they are related to each other and to their environment
metabolism
This drug speeds up your ________. = the chemical processes by which food is changed into energy in your body:
organisms
Scientists have found strange ______ living at the bottom of the sea. = an animal, plant, human, or any other living thing.
reproduce
Some animals _______ through live birth while others lay eggs. = when an animal or plant makes more young plants or animals:
natural selection
The idea of _____ is that organisms that can adapt to their environment will survive.
genes
Half of your _____ come from your mother and the other half come your father. = a part of a cell in a living thing that controls what it looks like, how it grows, and how it develops. People get their genes from their parents
DNA
The scientists will do _____ testing on the people in the experiment. = stands for deoxyribonucleic acid which is the substance that carries genetic information in the cells of the body
membrane
The cell ______ was damaged. = the thin outer layer of a cell that separates the inside from the outside
divide
In mitosis, cells _______ in order to reproduce. = split into two or more parts.
probability
There is a high ______ that there will be an earthquake in the next few years. = how likely something is, sometimes calculated in a mathematical way [= likelihood, chance]
test tube
The scientist picked up a ____.
telescope
The astronomer looked through a _____.
microscope
The scientist analyzed the cells using a ______.
mammals
Humans, dogs, and whales are _______. = a type of animal that drinks milk from its mother's body when it is young.
space
The studied about the history of _____ travel. = the area beyond the Earth where the stars and planets are
dependent
In the sentence: "Time Spent Studying" causes a change in "Test Score," the test score is the _______________ variable. = the result of your experiment
independent
In the sentence: "Time Spent Studying" causes a change in "Test Score," the time spent studying is the _______________ variable. = the thing you change in the experiment to see if it affects the result.
variables
There were too many _____________ in the experiment, so they didn't know what caused the result. = the thing that changes in the experiment
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