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Correlational Study

Most Common type of research in educational psychology

Descriptive Research

Very efficient form of research, allows the researcher to collect a great deal of information quickly

Randomized Field Experiment

Performed in real schools over a long period of time

Laboratory Experiment

Strength is high internal validity


Researcher lives with subjects studied


Morality is the morality of constraint-rules are imposed by others


Morality is the morality of cooperation- rules are necessary for people to interact successfully

Educational Psychology

Is the study of teachers, teaching, and students

Positive Correlation

Means that both variables move in the same direction

Neutral Correlation

Means that one variable has no impact on the other variable

Negative Correlation

Means that both variables move in opposite directions

Prerequisite Skills

The Information, background, reading and math levels, and other educational traits that students bring to the classroom


Basic unit of understanding and knowledge


Using already learned schemes, to take on new situations


When an old scheme does not work, and you have to learn a new one


Taking people out of a state of balance


Putting people into a state of balance

Sensori Motor Stage

Motor Skills, trial and error learning, and object permanence

Pre-operational Stage

Centration, conservation does not occur, they do not have reversability, and very ego-centric

Concrete Operational Stage

Kids now have reversability, can mentally manipulate numbers and words, children learn how to classify and seriate (least to most)

Formal Operational Stage

Abstract thinking, and ability to monitor your own thinking

First stage of TPSD

Trust Vs. Mistrust; babies have to be able to trust their parents, more so the mother

Second stage of TPSD

Autonomy Vs. Doubt; being independent and not doubting yourself

Third stage of TPSD

Initiative Vs. Guilt; Being able to take action and not feeling guilty about it

Fourth stage of TPSD

Industry Vs. Inferiority; Being able to learn and accept things without feeling inferior

Fifth stage of TPSD

Identity Vs. Role Confusion; Knowing and understanding yourself and not having to believe you have to take on roles that arent yours

Sixth stage of TPSD

Intimacy Vs. Isolation; being social and outgoing, being able to form relationships and not isolating yourself

Seventh stage of TPSD

Generativity Vs. Self Absorption; being able to self produce while not being pre occupied by yourself

Eighth stage of TPSD

Integrity Vs. Despair; Either feelng a sense of integrity or despair when looking back at your life.

Preconventional Stage

Punishment vs. obedience, instrumental relativity (percieved goodness or badness)

Conventional Stage

Good boy/ good girl positive reinforcment, Law and order

Post Conventional Stage

Social contract (knowing right from wrong), Universal ethical principle (the one moral value you have that no one could ever get you to change)

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