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32 terms

Educational Psychology Sections 1 & 2

STUDY
PLAY
Correlational Study
Most Common type of research in educational psychology
Descriptive Research
Very efficient form of research, allows the researcher to collect a great deal of information quickly
Randomized Field Experiment
Performed in real schools over a long period of time
Laboratory Experiment
Strength is high internal validity
Ethnography
Researcher lives with subjects studied
Heteronomous
Morality is the morality of constraint-rules are imposed by others
Autonoumous
Morality is the morality of cooperation- rules are necessary for people to interact successfully
Educational Psychology
Is the study of teachers, teaching, and students
Positive Correlation
Means that both variables move in the same direction
Neutral Correlation
Means that one variable has no impact on the other variable
Negative Correlation
Means that both variables move in opposite directions
Prerequisite Skills
The Information, background, reading and math levels, and other educational traits that students bring to the classroom
Scheme
Basic unit of understanding and knowledge
Assimilation
Using already learned schemes, to take on new situations
Accommodation
When an old scheme does not work, and you have to learn a new one
Disequalibrium
Taking people out of a state of balance
Equalibrium
Putting people into a state of balance
Sensori Motor Stage
Motor Skills, trial and error learning, and object permanence
Pre-operational Stage
Centration, conservation does not occur, they do not have reversability, and very ego-centric
Concrete Operational Stage
Kids now have reversability, can mentally manipulate numbers and words, children learn how to classify and seriate (least to most)
Formal Operational Stage
Abstract thinking, and ability to monitor your own thinking
First stage of TPSD
Trust Vs. Mistrust; babies have to be able to trust their parents, more so the mother
Second stage of TPSD
Autonomy Vs. Doubt; being independent and not doubting yourself
Third stage of TPSD
Initiative Vs. Guilt; Being able to take action and not feeling guilty about it
Fourth stage of TPSD
Industry Vs. Inferiority; Being able to learn and accept things without feeling inferior
Fifth stage of TPSD
Identity Vs. Role Confusion; Knowing and understanding yourself and not having to believe you have to take on roles that arent yours
Sixth stage of TPSD
Intimacy Vs. Isolation; being social and outgoing, being able to form relationships and not isolating yourself
Seventh stage of TPSD
Generativity Vs. Self Absorption; being able to self produce while not being pre occupied by yourself
Eighth stage of TPSD
Integrity Vs. Despair; Either feelng a sense of integrity or despair when looking back at your life.
Preconventional Stage
Punishment vs. obedience, instrumental relativity (percieved goodness or badness)
Conventional Stage
Good boy/ good girl positive reinforcment, Law and order
Post Conventional Stage
Social contract (knowing right from wrong), Universal ethical principle (the one moral value you have that no one could ever get you to change)