PSY 012 Human Sexuality Exam Two
Terms in this set (124)
Mental events like fantasies are the product of the ____, the gray matter in the brain that controls reasoning and language abilities.
The neurotransmitter ____ tends to facilitate sexual arousal and pleasure, while ____ appears to inhibit sexual activity.
Of the main senses, ____ tends to predominate during sexual sharing.
Which of the following BEST describes how men and women respond sexually to visual erotica?
women are less inclined than men to report being sexually aroused by visual erotica
Substances known to inhibit sexual behavior are called
Blood pressure medicines and some psychotropic medications may
decrease desire in both sexes, erectile disorder in men and delayed or absent orgasmic response in both sexes
Both the ____ and ____ produce androgens in the female body.
ovaries and adrenal glands
____ is sometimes referred to as the "love" hormone.
Erika has just turned fifty and has noticed a decrease in sexual desire and orgasmic capacity as well as a decrease in her overall energy level. She may ask her physician to assess her
All of the following are phases in Masters and Johnson's sexual response cycle EXCEPT
Excitement, Plateau, Orgasm, Resolution
____ is the engorgement with blood of body tissues that respond to sexual excitation.
____ is the shortest phase of the Master's and Johnson sexual response cycle.
The fact that some women have claimed to experience orgasm while listening to their favorite musician at a concert can be attributed to
the capacity of their brains to engage in fantasy
The mouth and the genitals are examples of ____ erogenous zones, while the upper and lower back are examples of ____ erogenous zones.
Which of the following is the MOST accurate summary of research on the effects of visual erotica on men and women when measured physiologically?
when measured physiologically, both men and women have similar respond
Nicotine slows sexual motivation and function by
constricting blood vessels and decreasing testosterone in the blood
Human sexual arousal and response
is a highly individual physical, emotional, and mental process
Androgens and estrogens belong to the general class of hormones called
Which of the following biological factors play the MOST important role in male sexual motivation?
Oxytocin is produced by the
Which of the following BEST summarizes the role of oxytocin in both male and female sexual behavior?
"Love hormone" appears to influence our erotic and emotional attraction to one another
A low testosterone level in men would be MOST likely to have which of the following effects?
The medical term for castration is
What are the three phases of sexual response, in order, in Kaplan's model?
desire, excitement, orgasm
Which of the following is the BEST example of vasocongestion?
erection of the penis, engorged of the labia, testes, clitoris, and nipples
Which of the following statements concerning multiple orgasms is TRUE?
Women who masturbate are less likely to have multiple orgasms than men
Emotional and behavior components
Passionate love typically occurs
early in a relationship
Love that involves a thoughtful appreciation of one's partner, encompassing tolerance for another's shortcomings is referred to as
Extreme absorption and strong physiological arousal in response to another person defines
The three components of Sternberg's theory of love are
Passion, Intimacy, Commitment
For Sternberg, intimacy
is the emotional component of love that encompasses the sense of being bonded w/ another person: warmth, sharing, emotional
According to Sternberg's triangular theory of love, ____ declines in a relationship whereas ____ builds gradually over time.
passionate component; intimacy & commitment
Toni and Jodie have lived together for many years and enjoy an intimate, committed relationship with one another, although their relationship is no longer the priority it once was. Sternberg would characterize this type of love as
The love style in which all three components of passion, intimacy and commitment are present is called
According to John Lee, an altruistic love style is characterized by
Give, give, give, no expectations of receiving
Ever since Thach met his new girlfriend at school, he feels that his life is like a roller coaster. He can't stop thinking about Anh and feels intensely jealous whenever he sees her talking to any other men. According to Lee, Thach's style of loving is
Which of the following would be LEAST likely to explain why we are attracted to particular individuals?
proximity & similarity
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
Which of the following was NOT one of the traits possessed by people prone to jealousy?
Growing up in a single-parent family
A lasting love relationship
consistent positive regards
When we value our partners regardless of what they say or do, we are
Unconditional positive regards
A verbal statement of a complaint to your partner
to come to a place to make your relationship better
The two types of celibacy are ____ and ____.
In complete celibacy, a person
neither masturbates nor has sexual contact with another person
Since he joined Alcoholics Anonymous last month, Frank has decided to refrain from having sexual contact, although he continues to masturbate. Frank appears to have chosen
Nocturnal orgasm is another term for
Erotic fantasies are generally considered a(n) ____ part of sexuality and may actually ____ a(n) relationship.
healthy and helpful
Which of the following is NOT a function of fantasy as outlined in your text?
Masturbation has been recommended in your text for all BUT which one of the following?
release sexual tensions, help sleep
Some individuals abstain from masturbation because of
It is the authors' view that masturbation
Is an option for sexual experience
Dave and Sam feel they can best express the profound love they feel for each other when they are sexually intimate, and they enjoy a sense of deep connection and spiritual ecstasy when they are together sexually. According to the Maltz Hierarchy, this couple is at
When Joel want to have sex with a woman, he encourages her to think that he cares about her more than he in fact does. According to the Maltz hierarchy, Joel
Rebecca has herpes, and although she is sexually active, she does not share this information with her partners for fear of their rejection. According to the Maltz hierarchy of sexual interaction, Rebecca would probably be at level
According to the Maltz hierarchy, a rapist is at the ____ level of sexual expression.
____ is to penis as ____ is to vulva.
Emphasis spiritually liking
Which of the following is the BEST definition of the term homosexual?
According to the textbook, an asexual is
doesn't experience sexual attracting
Which of the following BEST describes Kinsey's continuum of sexual orientation?
7 point scale
-existence homosexuality 6-7
Sergio is a happily married, 36-year-old father of three. When he visits his hometown in Mexico, Sergio occasionally has sex with men he meets at a gay bar. Sergio's sexual orientation is MOST likely
Megan's first teenage crush was on another woman, and she has fantasized about other women and men as long as she can remember. Megan's first kiss was with a woman, and her first sexual encounter was with a male. Megan is currently dating a woman after the breakup of a two-year relationship with a man. Megan's sexual orientation MOST likely is
Which of the following BEST summarizes the research conducted into the causes of sexual orientation?
It is still unclear as to what determines sexual orientation.
Which of the following statements concerning lesbians is TRUE?
women who have identify themselves as lesbians well into adulthood, develop relationships with men
Concordance refers to
likeness of twins being alike
All of the following statements by men are examples of gender nonconformity EXCEPT
a lack of comformity to stereotypical masculine & feminine behavior
A homosexual orientation appears to be the result of
In the United States the only church that currently sanction same-sex unions is
All of the following are part of the definition of homophobia EXCEPT
self loathing because of one's gender dysphoria
Which of the following is the BEST example of homophobia?
irrational fear of self loathing
Which of the following is NOT true of "coming out" about one's sexual orientation?
make sure you first disclosure your parents
Which of the following is NOT part of the coming-out process?
self acceptance, self acknowledgment
PFLAG stands for
Parents, family, and friends of lesbians and gays
Which of the following ethnic groups tend to be MORE tolerant of homosexuality?
Margaret Sanger was responsible for all of the following EXCEPT
establishing illegal birth control clinic
Oral contraceptives were first available in this country
40 yrs of developing variations in the chemicals structure and dosage of hormones
In 1972, the Supreme Court case ____ extended the right to privacy to unmarried individuals by decriminalizing the use of contraception by single people.
eisenstadt vs baird
Birth control is suggested to have all but which of the following advantages?
Factors that affect contraceptive availability and choice in contemporary times include
gender-role expectations, insurance coverage, religious mandate
Which statement BEST describes the relationship between the education of women and average number of children?
women w/ more education have smaller families
MOST practicing Catholics in the United States are
Which of the following has the GREATEST impact on the effectiveness of any birth control method?
Even when used correctly, which of the following is the LEAST effective birth control method?
Diaphragm and spermicide
Of the following, which is the MOST effective birth control method when used correctly?
You are a woman who smokes cigarettes, has high blood pressure, is somewhat forgetful and likes spontaneous sex. An unwanted pregnancy would be devastating for you. Which of the following contraceptive methods would be BEST for you?
Which of the following statements regarding outercourse is FALSE?
Not involved penetration
Sue and Randy enjoy oral sex and mutual masturbation but refrain from having penile-vaginal intercourse. The authors would refer to these behaviors as
____ releases a constant dose of estrogen and progestin.
Medications such as Seasonale are designed to
reduce period about 4 years
Your friend asks you how the pill works to prevent pregnancy. Which of the following would be your BEST answer?
changes the lining to prevent fertilization
Both the vaginal ring and the transdermal patch work by
leeching on the blood stream
birth control method, shot given every 3 months
The only temporary method of birth control for men is
Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding condoms?
protects you from sti, and sperm from leaking
A condom is less likely to break if it is
Which of the following statements regarding the female condom is FALSE?
it comes with spermicide in it
A woman may insert a diaphragm as long as ____ prior to intercourse and have it still be effective.
6 hours before intercourse
The cervical cap resembles
squeezed out lemon from casanova, shaped beeswax from european women
All of the following contribute to the effectiveness of the IUD EXCEPT
Which of the following statements regarding intrauterine devices is TRUE?
IUD is the most common reversible contraceptive used by women
All of the following are used as emergency contraceptives, EXCEPT
Which of the following countries does not provide free emergency contraception?
The ____ method is based on cyclic changes of cervical mucus.
____ is the MOST effective method of birth control EXCEPT abstinence.
Tubal sterilization involves
Vasectomy involves cutting and tying the
Ernest confides to Tim that he is scheduled to have a vasovasostomy. Ernest
Some studies show that marriages without children
are happier & more satisfying then marriage w/children
All of the following are potential advantages to having children EXCEPT
enhance relationship, personal growth, receive love
Matt and Sandra want very much to have a baby. To maximize the possibility of pregnancy they should have intercourse
frequently for several days prior to ovulation
All of the following methods could help a couple increase the probability of conception by predicting the time of ovulation EXCEPT
Which of the following would be LEAST likely to cause female fertility problems?
Which of the following is NOT a cause of low sperm count and motility?
2 causes of ow sperm count:
smoking, drugs, alcohol, marijuana
Which of the following statements regarding a varicocele is TRUE?
causes blood to pool in the scrotum, which elevates temperature in the area impairing sperm production
Semen from a woman's partner is mechanically introduced into her vagina, cervix or uterus in order to facilitate conception. This procedure is called
A woman who is willing to be artificially inseminated by the male partner of a childless couple, carry the pregnancy to term, deliver the child, and give it to the couple for adoption is called a(n)
For in vitro fertilization (IVF),
the ovaries are stimulated by hormonal fertility drugs to produce multiple ova
The first indication of pregnancy is usually
morning sickness, missed period, light period, no period
Sensitive blood tests for HCG can detect pregnancy as early as ____ after conception.
Which of the following are cited in your text as reasons for choosing abortion?
Not being prepared, too overwhelmed to handle it
A medical abortion can be done
before 7 weeks
The safest and most widely used technique for pregnancy termination between 13 and 21 weeks is
Viability is a term used to describe
may apply to the baby potentially surving if born prematurely
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