Question types

Start with

Question limit

of 70 available terms

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads
Print test

5 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. True
  2. Norepinephrine
  3. Appearance of that solute in the urine
  4. The body's water volume is high
  1. a Which of these induces rennin secretion, constricts afferent arterioles, and reduces GFR and urine volume?
    a. Aldosterone
    b. Antidiuretic hormone
    c. Parathyroid hormone
    d. Norepinephrine
    e. Angiotensin II
  2. b Professional horse jockeys may have a greater than average risk of nephroptosis
    a. True
    b. False
  3. c The urine is most likely to be hypotonic when
    a. The body's water volume is high
    b. The body's pH is low
    c. The output of antidiuretic hormone is high
    d. The output of natriuretic peptides is high
    e. A person is lost and deprived of drinking water
  4. d Total saturation of protein transporters for a given solute in the renal tubules would result in
    a. Reabsorption of all the solute
    b. A renal clearance of zero
    c. A net filtration pressure of 1.0
    d. Appearance of that solute in the urine
    e. Absence of that solute from the urine

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Assuming all other values are normal, calculate the net filtration pressure in a patient with a drop in capsular hydrostatic pressure to 8 mm Hg
    a. 10 mm Hg out
    b. 20 mm Hg out
    c. 30 mm hg out
    d. 40 mm Hg out
    e. 50 mm Hg out
  2. The average person has approximately __________ nephrons per kidney
    a. 1.2 million
    b. 2.4 million
    c. 3.6 million
    d. 4.8 million
    e. 5.6 million
  3. Which of the following is not found in the ureter?
    a. Adventitia
    b. Two layers of smooth muscle
    c. Three layers of smoother muscle
    d. Transitional epithelium
    e. Skeletal muscle
  4. PCTs are responsible for absorbing all of the following except
    a. Potassium
    b. Sodium chloride
    c. Hydrogen ions
    d. Urea
    e. Water
  5. The countercurrent multiplier recaptures ________ and is based on fluid flowing in _________ direction in two adjacent tubules
    a. Potassium; the same
    b. Calcium; the opposite
    c. Calcium; the same
    d. Sodium; the opposite
    e. Sodium; the same

5 True/False questions

  1. The cardiovascular systemWhich organ system does not excrete waste?
    a. The urinary system
    b. The cardiovascular system
    c. The integumentary system
    d. The digestive system
    e. The respiratory system


  2. 2.0A hospital patient produces 4 mL. min of urine with a urea concentration of 8mg/mL. Venous blood draw reveals urea concentration of .4 mg/mL. What is the percentage of cleared urea from glomerular filrate?
    a. 40%
    b. 56%
    c. 64%
    d. 72%
    e. 80%


  3. UreaThe most toxic of our metabolic wastes are nitrogenous wastes
    a. True
    b. False


  4. Collecting ductWhich renal structure is responsible for producing hypertonic urine by reabsorbing water while allowing metabolic wastes and NaCl to pass through?
    a. Glomerulus
    b. Proximal convoluted tubule
    c. Distal convoluted tubule
    d. Collecting duct
    e. Nephron loop


  5. ProteinIn a healthy kidney, very little _________ is filtered by the glomerulus
    a. Amino acids
    b. Electrolytes
    c. Glucose
    d. Vitamins
    e. Protein