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5 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. the urinary bladder
  2. False
  3. The distal convoluted tubule
  4. True
  1. a Aldosterone acts on
    a. The proximal convoluted tubule
    b. The medullary portion of the collecting duct
    c. The descending limb of the nephron loop
    d. The distal convoluted tubule
    e. The glomerulus
  2. b A renal calculus can be up to 2 cm wide, but even then, it would not obstruct:
    a. the major calyx
    b. the ureter
    c. the urethra
    d. the urinary bladder
    e. the renal pelvis
  3. c The ureters pass anterior to the bladder and enter it from below
    a. True
    b. False
  4. d Diabetes is any metabolic disorder resulting in chronic polyuria
    a. True
    b. False

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Which of these form the inner layer of the glomerular capsule and wrap around the capillaries of the glomerulus?
    a. Macula densa cells
    b. Mesangial cells
    c. Nephrocytes
    d. Podocytes
    e. Monocytes
  2. Which of the following would reduce the glomerular filtration rate?
    a. Vasoconstriction of the efferent arteriole
    b. A drop in oncotic pressure
    c. Vasodilation of the afferent arteriole
    d. Vasoconstriction of the afferent arteriole
    e. An increase in osmotic pressure in the glomerular capsule
  3. Glucose and amino acids are reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
    a. The renal corpuscle
    b. The proximal convoluted tubule
    c. The distal convolutes tubule
    d. The glomerular capillaries
    e. The collecting duct
  4. Which of the following does not contribute to water conservation?
    a. The collecting duct
    b. The countercurrent multiplier
    c. The countercurrent exchange system
    d. Diuretics
    e. The length of the nephrons
  5. The mechanism of stabilizing the GFR based on the tendency of smooth muscle to contract when stretched is known as what?
    a. Renal autoregulation
    b. The myogenic mechanism
    c. Tubuloglomerular feedback
    d. Sympathetic control
    e. The rennin angiotensin aldosterone mechanism

5 True/False questions

  1. 20 mm Hg outAssuming all other values are normal, calculate the net filtration pressure in a patient with a drop in capsular hydrostatic pressure to 8 mm Hg
    a. 10 mm Hg out
    b. 20 mm Hg out
    c. 30 mm hg out
    d. 40 mm Hg out
    e. 50 mm Hg out

          

  2. Diabetes mellitusWhich of the following does not contribute to water conservation?
    a. The collecting duct
    b. The countercurrent multiplier
    c. The countercurrent exchange system
    d. Diuretics
    e. The length of the nephrons

          

  3. The fibrous capsuleBlood plasma is filtered in
    a. The renal tubule
    b. The renal corpuscle
    c. The renal capsule
    d. The renal column
    e. The renal calyx

          

  4. 2.0A hospital patient produces 4 mL. min of urine with a urea concentration of 8mg/mL. Venous blood draw reveals urea concentration of .4 mg/mL. What is the percentage of cleared urea from glomerular filrate?
    a. 40%
    b. 56%
    c. 64%
    d. 72%
    e. 80%

          

  5. The cardiovascular systemThe innermost connective tissue layer protecting the kidney and assisting in staving off infection is known as
    a. The perirenal fat capsule
    b. The renal fascia
    c. The hilum
    d. The fibrous capsule
    e. The renal medulla