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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. glycosuria
  2. internal urethral sphincter
  3. renal calculi
  4. Albuminuria
  5. The distal convoluted tubule
  1. a Lithotripsy is a medical procedure used to treat
    a. acute glomerulonephritis.
    b. nephrotic syndrome.
    c. renal calculi.
    d. hydronephrosis.
    e. prostatic hypertrophy.
  2. b What is the most common urinary symptom of diabetes mellitus?
    a. Pyuria
    b. Glycosuria
    c. Hematuria
    d. Albuminuria
    e. Urobilinuria
  3. c Aldosterone acts on
    a. The proximal convoluted tubule
    b. The medullary portion of the collecting duct
    c. The descending limb of the nephron loop
    d. The distal convoluted tubule
    e. The glomerulus
  4. d Which is not a portion of the urethra?
    a. external urethral orifice
    b. internal urethral sphincter
    c. prostatic urethra
    d. membraneous urethra
    e. spongy urethra
  5. e 7. A patient enters a hospital after a motorcycle accident. He complains of midback pain. X rays reveal both rib and pelvic fractures. His emergency room examination includes urinalysis. Which of the following findings from the urinalysis would most likely suggest trauma to the kidneys from the accident, but not to the urinary bladder?
    a. Pyuria
    b. Hematuria
    c. Albuminuria
    d. Uremia
    e. Phenylketonuria

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The average person has approximately __________ nephrons per kidney
    a. 1.2 million
    b. 2.4 million
    c. 3.6 million
    d. 4.8 million
    e. 5.6 million
  2. Which of the following is not an organ of the urinary system?
    a. Urethra
    b. Collecting duct
    c. Ureter
    d. Urinary bladder
    e. Kidney
  3. Which of these induces rennin secretion, constricts afferent arterioles, and reduces GFR and urine volume?
    a. Aldosterone
    b. Antidiuretic hormone
    c. Parathyroid hormone
    d. Norepinephrine
    e. Angiotensin II
  4. Total saturation of protein transporters for a given solute in the renal tubules would result in
    a. Reabsorption of all the solute
    b. A renal clearance of zero
    c. A net filtration pressure of 1.0
    d. Appearance of that solute in the urine
    e. Absence of that solute from the urine
  5. Glucose and amino acids are reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
    a. The renal corpuscle
    b. The proximal convoluted tubule
    c. The distal convolutes tubule
    d. The glomerular capillaries
    e. The collecting duct

5 True/False questions

  1. FalseThe ureters pass anterior to the bladder and enter it from below
    a. True
    b. False

          

  2. The thin segment of the nephron loopWhich are primarily responsible for maintain the salinity gradient of the renal medulla?
    a. Cortical nephrons
    b. Juxtamedullary nephrons
    c. Collecting ducts
    d. Proximal convoluted tubules
    e. Distal convoluted tubules

          

  3. inulin and creatinineWhich of these induces rennin secretion, constricts afferent arterioles, and reduces GFR and urine volume?
    a. Aldosterone
    b. Antidiuretic hormone
    c. Parathyroid hormone
    d. Norepinephrine
    e. Angiotensin II

          

  4. 4.0The minimum daily output of urine to meet the definition of polyuria is:
    a. 0.5 L
    b. 1.0 L
    c. 1.5 L
    d. 2.0 L
    e. 3.0 L

          

  5. Secretion of parathyroid hormoneHypocalcemia stimulates
    a. A decrease in aldosterone production
    b. Secretion of parathyroid hormone
    c. Secretion of rennin
    d. An increase in blood urea nitrogen
    e. Vasoconstriction of the afferent arterioles

          

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