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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. hematuria
  2. Collecting duct
  3. Deaminating amino acids
  4. The body's water volume is high
  5. Skeletal muscle
  1. a Which of the following urinary tract disorders seems most likely to occur in someone who frequently participates in marathon runs?
    a. osmotic dieresis
    b. renal hypertension
    c. cystitis
    d. hematuria
    e. renal calculi
  2. b The urine is most likely to be hypotonic when
    a. The body's water volume is high
    b. The body's pH is low
    c. The output of antidiuretic hormone is high
    d. The output of natriuretic peptides is high
    e. A person is lost and deprived of drinking water
  3. c In life-threatening starvation, the kidneys synthesize glucose by
    a. Secreting erythropoietin
    b. Secreting rennin
    c. Deaminating amino acids
    d. Contributing to calcium homeostasis
    e. Producing uric acid
  4. d Which of the following is not found in the ureter?
    a. Adventitia
    b. Two layers of smooth muscle
    c. Three layers of smoother muscle
    d. Transitional epithelium
    e. Skeletal muscle
  5. e Which of the following is not an organ of the urinary system?
    a. Urethra
    b. Collecting duct
    c. Ureter
    d. Urinary bladder
    e. Kidney

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Total saturation of protein transporters for a given solute in the renal tubules would result in
    a. Reabsorption of all the solute
    b. A renal clearance of zero
    c. A net filtration pressure of 1.0
    d. Appearance of that solute in the urine
    e. Absence of that solute from the urine
  2. Diseases that affect the descending corticospinal tracts may limit inhibition f the sacral somatic motor neurons and thus could result in urinary incontinence
    a. True
    b. False
  3. Albuminuria is a common sign of diabetes mellitus
    a. True
    b. False
  4. Glomerular filtration occurs because glomerular oncotic pressure overrides glomerular blood pressure
    a. True
    b. False
  5. Renin hydrolyzes angiotensinogen released from the _______ to form angiotensin I
    a. Lungs
    b. Kidneys
    c. Liver
    d. Heart
    e. Spleen

5 True/False questions

  1. 2.0The minimum daily output of urine to meet the definition of polyuria is:
    a. 0.5 L
    b. 1.0 L
    c. 1.5 L
    d. 2.0 L
    e. 3.0 L


  2. DiureticsWhich of the following does not contribute to water conservation?
    a. The collecting duct
    b. The countercurrent multiplier
    c. The countercurrent exchange system
    d. Diuretics
    e. The length of the nephrons


  3. The myogenic mechanismThe mechanism of stabilizing the GFR based on the tendency of smooth muscle to contract when stretched is known as what?
    a. Renal autoregulation
    b. The myogenic mechanism
    c. Tubuloglomerular feedback
    d. Sympathetic control
    e. The rennin angiotensin aldosterone mechanism


  4. ProteinIn a healthy kidney, very little _________ is filtered by the glomerulus
    a. Amino acids
    b. Electrolytes
    c. Glucose
    d. Vitamins
    e. Protein


  5. AlbuminuriaWhat is the most common urinary symptom of diabetes mellitus?
    a. Pyuria
    b. Glycosuria
    c. Hematuria
    d. Albuminuria
    e. Urobilinuria