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58 terms

chpater12-14 test

this is only the second packet he gave us
STUDY
PLAY
The literacy rate Americans in 1840 was about __ of the total population
80%
Most of the institutions of higher learning founded in the 1830s were attached to a
religious denomination
The Declaration of Sentiments of the Senca Falls Convention said that
all men and women are created equal
The American Temperance Union lost most of its members in 1836 when it called for ____ from all alcoholic beverages
abstinence
The Auburn Penitentiary was widely copied as a model for
prison reform
Dorothea Lynde Dix created her reform efforts at
insane asylums
argued that woman's sphere was the Home
Catherine Beecher
was the founder of the Oneida community
John Humphery Noyes
Members of the Shaker community followed
Mother Ann Stampley
founded Brooke Farm
George Ripley
included such figures as Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin
Deists
The popularity of __ ___ could be associated with the Second Great Awakening
Camp meeting
was the founder of Mormanism
Joseph smith
Ralph Waldo EEmersoon
was a close friend of Henry Thoreau
authored the essay Self-Reliance
was a leading Transcendentalist
Harpers magazine, Niles Weekly Register, and North American Review were all leading ___ that came out in the pre-civil war period
magazines
The Oneida community became notorious its practice of
complete sexual freedom
Most of the utopian communities of the early 19th century quickly became
failures (throughout history socialism has failed EVERY time)
was described as a president without a party
John Tyler
The US military academy, US naval academy, and university of VA were all founded between
1800 and 1850
Prison reformers of the early 1800s saw a major objective of the penitentiary as
rehabilitation
Williamm Henry Harrison was elected more on his ___ than his stance on the issues
military stance
The Creole Incident invloved the British freeing American Slaves after they had
mutinied and escaped
As a result of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, the boundary dispute in __ was resolved.
Maine
Of the current day Southwest states, The Spanish were most successful at colonizing
New Mexico
large-scale migration to the Oregon territory began in earnest in the early
1840s
Rancheros usually ysed Indians as
slaves
John Sutter established the trading post that became
Sacramento
By the 1830s there was so much commercial activity between Mexico and St. Louis that the Mexico silver peso had become the primary medium for exchange in
Missouri
Mexico obtained its independence from Spain in
1821
Most of the American settlers in Texas went there because of cheap ____ lands
cotton
The Mexican ban on American immigration to Texas was
Ineffective
The Battle of the Alamo inspired the rest of Texas to ____ resistance
Fanatical resistance
Mexico General Santa Anna was captured but won his freedom by agreeing to _____ for Texas
independence
With the onset of the California gold rush in 1849, Plain Indians led by the Cheyenne, seized the opportunity to supply __ to the white pioneers
buffalo meat and skins
the phrase 54-40 or fight referred to
Oregon
The "spot resolutions" were introduced to congress to oppose the
Mexican War
The Republic of Texasdeveloped trade relations with both
Britain and France
According to Henry Clay, the annexation of Texas was dangerous to the ___ of the union
Integrity
George Donner led a group of settlers on the
Oregon Trail
James K. Polk won the 1844 Democratic nomination for President as a ___ ____ candidate
Dark Horse
In the presidential election of 1844 the popular vote was very
close
As President, Polk was opposed to the immediate
abolition of slavery
Future President James Buchannan, head of the Pennsylvania Democrats, declared that Martin Van Buren's stance against annexing Texas would cost him his party's
nomination
Residents of the ___ ___ supported the Mexican War.
Mississippi Valley
On March 1, 1845 John Tyler signed the resolution offering __ admittance as a state.
Texas's
President Polk's grand strategy concerning General Zachary Taylor's men in Mexico was flawed because it wrongfully assumed that Taylor's men could live off the __ and would not need resupply
country
The American capture of Mexico City was led by
Winfield Sott
In the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo:
Mexico gave up all its claims to Texas
Mexico ceded California to the US
The US agreed to pay Mexico 15 million dollars
The Mexican War
was America's first successful offensive war
completed what is now the continental US through the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
lasted less than 2 years
As President, John Tyler vetoed a bill that would create a new
national bank
Manifest Destiny gave GOD's blessing to American
expansion
The Mission in California were operated by ___-
Franciscan Friars
The Santa Fe trail stretched about 1000 miles from santa Fe to
St. Louis
The most succesful promoter of American settlement in Texas was
Stephen F. Austin
Sam Houston's contribution to Texas' independence was his defeat of the mexican army at
San Jacinto
Congress voted to Annex Texas between Polk's election and his
Inauguration
The Mexican War erupted when Mexican and US troops clashed North of the
Rio Grande
As a result of his victoriess in Northern Mexico, the Mexican War made a hero of
Zachary Taylor