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Terms in this set (44)
Do not use and with etc. as the abbreviation for the Latin phrase et certera means "other things."
Use these words (and others like them such as everywheres, nowheres, and somewheres) without the final s.
Do not use at after where. Say "Where are you?" not "Where are you at?"
Bad is an adjective and badly is an adverb. Only the adjective form, bad, should follow a linking verb such as forms of to be and feel, see, hear, taste, or smell.
being as/being that
Use since or because instead of these expressions
Beside is a preposition meaning "by the side of" or "next to." Besides means "in addition to."
Use between when referring to two things at a time. Use among when referring to more than two things or to all members of a group rather to separate individuals in the group. (We distributed the pamphlets among the crowd.)
Borrow means "to take something temporarily." Lend means "to give something temporarily."
Bring means "to come carrying something." Take means "to go carrying something."
Avoid these. Use a form of burst or break, depending on the meaning. For instance, say "The lamp broke" not "The lamp busted."
As a noun, capital means "center of government" or "wealth." As an adjective, it means "punishable by death" such as in the phrase "a capital offense." As an adjective, it also means, "of major importance" or "uppercase." Capitol is a noun meaning "a building in which a legislature meets" (and is capitalized when referring to a building for a national legislature).
Coarse is an adjective meaning "rough" or "crude." Course is a noun meaning "a path of action," "a unit of study," "a track or way," or "a part of a meal."
As a noun, complement means "something that makes whole or complete." As a verb, it means "to make whole or complete." As a noun, compliment means "praise." As a verb, it means "to express praise."
Consul is a noun meaning, "a representative of a foreign country." Council is a noun meaning "a group called together to accomplish a job. As a noun, counsel means, "advice." As a verb, it means, "to give advice."
A councilor is a member of a council. A counselor is a person who gives advice.
Desert is a noun meaning "a dry region." Desert is a verb meaning "to leave or abandon. Dessert is a noun meaning "the final course of a meal."
Discover means "to be the first to find, see, or learn about something that already exists. Invent means "to be the first to do or make something."
Emigrate means "to leave a country or region" and immigrate means "to come into a country or region to settle there."
Fewer tells "how many'; it is used with plural nouns. Less tells "how much"; it is used with singular nouns.
Formally means "properly" or "according to strict rules." Formerly means "previously, in the past."
Good is an adjective. Well is an adverb. Good can never be an adverb, but well can be an adjective in three ways: to be satisfactory ("I am well, thanks."), to be in good health ("I am doing well"), and in terms of appearance (He looks well in red.).
Imply means "to suggest indirectly" and infer means "to interpret" or "to draw a conclusion from."
Its is the possessive form (The car needs its tires replaced.) and it's is the contraction for it is.
Kind of, Sort of:
Avoid these terms in formal situations; use somewhat or rather instead.
Kind(s), Sort(s), Type(s):
Use this and that with the singular form (Say "this kind" not "these kind) and these or those with the plural form ("these kinds").
Use like to introduce a prepositional phrase (He looks like Bob.) and as to introduce a subordinate or dependent clause (Say "the weekend went as I thought it would" instead of "the weekend went like I thought it would.")
Of is a preposition. Do not use it in place of have after verbs such as could, should, would, might, must, and ought. (Say "he should have done better on the quiz" not "he should of done better on the quiz.") You also do not need of with the prepositions off, outside, and inside.
As a noun, principal means, "the head of a school." As an adjective, it means, "main or most important." Principle is a noun meaning, "a rule of conduct" or a "general truth."
Quiet, Quit, Quite:
Quiet is an adjective meaning, "silent; still." Quit is a verb meaning, "to stop." Quite is an adverb meaning, "completely; rather, very."
The verb rise means "to go up" or "to get up." Rise never takes an object. The verb raise means "to cause something else to rise" or "to lift up."
Slow is an adjective and slowly is an adverb. For instance, say "He drove slowly," not "He drove slow."
In formal situations, do not use some to mean "to some extent"; use somewhat.
Than is a conjunction used in comparisons ("He is taller than she is.") and then is an adverb meaning "at that time" or "next" ("We then went to the mall.").
Their is a possessive form of they. As an adverb, there means "at that place"; it is also sometimes used to begin what we call an expletive sentence ("There are four s's in possessive.). They're is the contraction of they are.
Theirs is a possessive form of the pronoun they. There's is the contraction for there is.
Threw, the past tense of the verb throw, means "hurled." As a preposition, through means "in one side and out the other side of," for instance in the following: "We walked through the tunnel." As an adverb, it means "from beginning to end," for instance in the following: "He followed through." As an adjective, it means "extending from one place to another," for instance in the following: "The through passageway."
To is used as a preposition ("We went to the mall.") or as the sign of the infinitive form of a verb ("'Coerce means "to intimidate.'") Too is an adverb that means "also" or "overly." Two is a number, either a noun or an adjective.
Use try to, not try and.
Use way, not ways, when referring to distance (Say "The drive was quite a way" not "The drive was quite a ways.").
Weather is a noun meaning "conditions outdoors." Whether is a conjunction used to introduce alternatives ("Whether school is cancelled or not, you are still responsible for the assignment.").
Do not use them to begin a definition.
Who, Which, That:
The relative pronoun WHO refers to people only, WHICH refers to things only, and THAT may refer to either.
Who's is that contraction of who is or who has. Whose is the possessive form of who.
Your is a possessive form of you. You're is the contraction of you are.
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