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16 terms

Geographic Terms pt 1

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Archipelago
a large group of islands
Basin
all the land drained by a river and its tributaries
Bay
an arm of a sea or lake, extending into the land, usually smaller than a gulf
Canal
a waterway built to connect two other bodies of water
Canyon
a deep valley with steep sides
Cape
a point of land extending from the coastline into the sea or a lake
Cliff
a high, steep face of rock or earth
Coast
land along a sea or an ocean
Dam
a wall built across a river to hold back the water
Delta
land at the mouth of a river, made of sand and silt, usually shaped like a triangle
Desert
a very dry area where few plants grow
Dune
a hill, mound, or ridge of sand formed by the wind
Glacier
a large body of ice that moves very slowly over the land or down a valley
Gulf
an arm of a sea or lake extending into the land, usually larger than a bay
Harbor
a protected place on an ocean, sea, lake, or river where ships can anchor safely
Hill
a rounded and raised landform, not as high as a mountain