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named after Pales, goddess of the shepherds; first home of the Latins; wealthy eventually lived here


"caput"-head; Temple of Jupiter (like Zeus)


plebeians-modern people; crime


smallest hill


home to wealthy in the Republican times


former home of the Sabines



Forum Romanum

small valley at the bottom of the Capitoline and Palatine hills; became the meeting place for all Romans; public announcements made here, markets, triumphs, vendors, senate house, etc.

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