Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

affirmative action

Designing remedies for overcoming racism and sexism by taking race and sex into account


any persons who are not U.S. citizens

Regents of UC v Bakke

A Supreme Court ruling stating that a college may not use an explicit numerical quota in admitting minorities but could "take race into account", The Court held that while affirmative action systems are constitutional, a quota system based on race is unconstitutional.

Brown v. Board of Education

A Supreme Court descision declaring segregated inherently unequal

buffer zone

Device used, and upheld by the Court to address concerns about protestors at abortion clinics

civil rights

The rights of citizens to vote, recieve equal treatment before the law, and share benefits of public facilities.

compensatory action

Helping disadvantaged people catch up, usually by giving them extra eduacation, training, or services.

de facto segregation

segregation that exists by that was not created by law

de jure segregation

segregation created by law

equality of results

distributing desired things equally to the races

freedom of choice

a school integration plan mandating no particular racial balence

Griswold v. Connecticut

Landmark case in which the Court first founf a "right to privacy in the Const.

Hyde Amendment

Legislation that barred the use of the federal funds for nearly any abortion.

Martin Luther King Jr.

An early nonvolent leader in black civil right


a black interest group active primarily in the courts

nonviolent civil disobedience

a philosophy of peaceful violation laws considered unjust and accepting punishment for the violation


a leading feminist organization

Plessy v. Fergeson

a supreme court decision upholding state enforced racial segregation

preferential treatment

giving minorities preference in hiring, promotions, college admissions, and contracts


the standard by which the court judges gender-based classifications


post-civil war era when southern laws protected blacks' freedoms

Reed v. Reed

Landmark case declaring gender discrimination a violation under the Equal Protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and asserting the reasonableness standard for such discrimination

reverse discrimination

the use of race or sex to giver preferential treatment to blacks or women

Roe v. Wade

a ruling that declared all state laws prohibiting abortion unconstitutional

Rostker v. Goldberg

a ruling that held the Congress may draft men but not women

separate-but-equal doctrine

the standard under which the court once upheld racial segregation

strict scrutiny

the standard by which the Supreme Court judges classifications based on race; they must have a compelling public purpose

suspect classification

A legal distinction that the Supreme Court scrutinizes especially closely

equality of opportunity

offering the races an equal chance at desired things

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording