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Designing remedies for overcoming racism and sexism by taking race and sex into account
Regents of UC v Bakke
A Supreme Court ruling stating that a college may not use an explicit numerical quota in admitting minorities but could "take race into account", The Court held that while affirmative action systems are constitutional, a quota system based on race is unconstitutional.
Device used, and upheld by the Court to address concerns about protestors at abortion clinics
The rights of citizens to vote, recieve equal treatment before the law, and share benefits of public facilities.
Helping disadvantaged people catch up, usually by giving them extra eduacation, training, or services.
Griswold v. Connecticut
Landmark case in which the Court first founf a "right to privacy in the Const.
nonviolent civil disobedience
a philosophy of peaceful violation laws considered unjust and accepting punishment for the violation
giving minorities preference in hiring, promotions, college admissions, and contracts
Reed v. Reed
Landmark case declaring gender discrimination a violation under the Equal Protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and asserting the reasonableness standard for such discrimination
the standard by which the Supreme Court judges classifications based on race; they must have a compelling public purpose
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