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48 terms

Nutrition Test 1....

for Final
STUDY
PLAY
What is not a nutrient?
alcohol
1 gram of carbs yields?
4 calories
1 gram of fat yields ?
9 calories
1 gram of protein yields?
4 calories
What causes validity in a claim?
scientific research cited
What is the leading cause of death in the US?
heart disease
What is not a good idea to do while you shop?
shop while hungry
If you weigh 150 lbs. how much of your weight is water weight?
90lbs
Which nutrients provide 4 cal per gram?
carbs and proteins
Which nutrients donot provide energy?
water, vitamins, minerals
What is not a function of H2o in the body?
provides small amount of energy needed by the nervous system.
WHat disease is not influenced by diet?
hemophilia
Where do most Americans look first for informationon nutrition?
T.V
What are the water soluble vitamins?
vitamins B and C
If sasha wants to consume 30% of her total cal. from fat and eats 2000 cal per day, what is the maximum # of grams she should eat?
65 grams
WHy would a raw peach be considered more nutrient dense than a serving of peaches canned in light syrup?
raw peach contains more vitamins per calorie than the canned peaches.
What is NOT true about the DRI?
they are nutrient requirements that people should meet everyday
The RDA for nurtrients are generally?
designed to be adequate for most al healthy people
The D.V's ?
are nutrient levels set by the FDA and used in food labeling
Exercising 60 min a day reduces the risk of?
chronic disease
All food contaims phyto chemicalsexcept?
skim milk
10-35% of calories should come from?
protein
Sue picked up a cereal box and read that one serving provides 15% of the D.V for ttoal carbohydrates? What is true
1 serving provides 15% of the total carb. that are reccommended to be eaten in a day
You should avoid fat from?
dairy products
What is NOT a nutrient dense food?
bologna
WHat food groups does a corn tortilla belo9ng to?
grains
Mediterranean food guide saysto eat red meat?
few times a month to reduce heart disease
moderation is being violated if?
salt intake is very high
30 min of exercise a day reduces the risk of?
chronic disease
What does not prevent foodborne illnesses?
drink unpasteurized apple juice from a local producer
Another term for amylase?
ptyalin
What may happen if the lower esophageal spincter is not closed tight enough after eating?
heartburn
Where does the digestion of protein occur?
stomach
What are all present in feces?
water, bilirubin, bacteria, and fiber
WHat is nopt true about intestinal gas?
it comes directly from food
Where are all the nutrients leaving the digestive system taken?
liver
What is NOT a possible fate for amino acids in the liver?
they are converted to Vitamin D
Excessive glucose in the body is converted to?
fat and glycogen
What type of reaction is a glucose>glycogen reaction?
anabolic
milk will most likely contain?
conjugated linoleic acid( CLA)
What is the main site of digestion and absorption?
small intestine
WHere is starch in bread chemically digested?
in the mouth
Where can a bolus be found?
in stomach
What are the accessory organs of digestion?
liver, gall bladder and pancreas
Fat soluble vitamins earned initially in the lymphatic system after the absorption through?
small intestine
SOme gas is produced by bacteria that live in?
colon
After gall bladderbeen removed you might have difficulty digesting?
fat
All our functions of the liver EXCEPT?
secreting the majority of digestive enzymes,