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Revolutions in Europe & Latin America

Revolutions in Europe and Latin America: 1790-1848. Chapter 20 of "World History" by Ellis & Esler. Publisher: Prentice Hall.
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ideology (pl: ideologies)
a system of thought and belief
Concert of Europe
worked to support the political and social order that existed before Napoleon and the French Revolution.
Conservatives
wanted to return to the Old Order, to restore royal families, supported a social hierarchy, backed established churches, believed that talk of natural rights and constutional government would lead to chaos.
Liberalism & Nationalism
ignited a number of revolts against established rule.
Liberals
wanted governments to be based on written constitutions & separation of powers; were against divine-right monarchies, the old aristocracy, and established churches; supported natural rights and republican governments.
Bourgeois Liberalism
spoke mostly for the middle class.