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Revolutions in Europe and Latin America: 1790-1848. Chapter 20 of "World History" by Ellis & Esler. Publisher: Prentice Hall.

ideology (pl: ideologies)

a system of thought and belief

Concert of Europe

worked to support the political and social order that existed before Napoleon and the French Revolution.


wanted to return to the Old Order, to restore royal families, supported a social hierarchy, backed established churches, believed that talk of natural rights and constutional government would lead to chaos.

Liberalism & Nationalism

ignited a number of revolts against established rule.


wanted governments to be based on written constitutions & separation of powers; were against divine-right monarchies, the old aristocracy, and established churches; supported natural rights and republican governments.

Bourgeois Liberalism

spoke mostly for the middle class.

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