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creation of a system of international law and establishment of international organizations in order to mitigate anarchy
theorist and writer of modern system of international law. "Grotion notion of the ocean"
International Court of Justice
global world court with responsibility of resolving disputes among states under international law
2 Primary functions of ICJ
1. can issue adversary opinions on matters of international law 2. can hear and decide contentious cases between states involving I. Law
when two states decide to take a case to ICJ for resolution. Stakes are usually low and outcome uncertain
compromise between those who agree with compulsory jurisdiction and those who do not because they want to maintain state sovereignty
reservation attched to acceptance of the optional clause (basis for UN Security Council)
enforcement by states via self-help such as recall of ambassadors, athletic withdrawls, cultural exchange broke off
Hegemonic Stbility Threory
stability and order in the international system increased when hegemony takes role
voluntary association of soverein states formally constituted to acheive some common objective (intergovernmental organization). Eliminate global anarchy
universal membership. Only global, genreal-purpose organiation. Only org with authority to assume military power for global security
issues non-binding resolutions and declarations and serves as forum for discussion. All member of UN represented, majority rule, cannot implement its own decisions
can determine when threats are occuring, call on parties to take preventative measures, non-military measures, military measures. Veto is main problem
Uniting for Peace Resolution
when security council is not successful, General Assembly will consider the matter.
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