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37 terms

Art History- Greece

STUDY
PLAY
Geometric
Patterns
Oriental
based off of ancient cultures, very straight, large eyes, animalistic, composite view
Archaic
Idealized, smile, lacking details
Classical
Cantrapposto, more natural stance, s curve, no archaic smile
Late Classical
???
Hellenistic
???
Calf Barer
Large eyes, oriental, realistic calf, idealized man, archaic smile, knotted hair
Kore from Acropolis
Hair is realistic, Archaic and Classical elements
Temple of Hera
Billowy columns so it appears bigger than it is, Doric
West Pediment of Temple of Artemis
High relief, figure coming out towards you, emerging from pediment
Siphnian Treasury
offering, continuous Frieze, has a caryatid
Caryatid
Column that is a female figure
Frieze of Siphnian Treasury
movement, contemporary military tactics and weapons
West Temple of Aphaia
High relief, attached to pediment
Kritios Boy
one of the first statues to have cantrapposto, realistic, elasticity in skin, body and head turned, transition between archaic and classical
Warrior from Sea off Riace
heroic, one of few original Greek statues, head very turned
Charioteer
Classical, severe style, cantrapposto, natural stance, strain in neck, active arms
Zeus (Or Poseidon)
Balanced, active arm opposite active leg, heroic proportions, shows power within gesture.
Discus Thrower
dramatic composition, strain, not free standing, in motion, roman copy, expressionless face, idealized heroic body
Kouros or Kore
Archaic sculpture, put on top of grave,
Pepolos Kore
Broken Hand used to carry offering to Athena, tightened waist, peoples is the garment she is wearing, rounded and naturalistic face.
Kroisos
Archaic, big difference in muscles in 75 years, more elasticity
Black Pots
Get the black by mixing black clay with water to make a black slip
Red Pots
Figures on the pot are black, when fired oxygen gets into the kiln it oxidizes the clay and makes it red.
Doryphoros
classical style, natural look, relaxed side, one arm in use, opposites of movement for balance
Polykleitos
introduced cannon of proportions 1 to 7
Parthenon
Part of Acropolis, outside is doric, columns and frieze are ionic, ground slopes down, space between columns is wider, 8x17 columns, normally 6x12
Erechtheum
Has caryatids, built by Mnesicles, near Old Temple where Athena beat Poseidon,
Propylaea
built by Mnesicles, main entrance way to Acropolis
Temple of Athena Nike
first full ionic building, built by Kallikrates, first fully realized
3 Goddesses
Interconnected, clinging wet drapery reveals the bodies of the goddesses, sit naturally, poetic pose.
Nike adjusting shoe
cloth draped to reveal body, balanced, gracefully, high relief,
Grave Markers
figure coming out, forced perspective, levels of depth
Tomb of Diver
painting not on pottery, fresco, orientalizing,
Aphrodite of Knidos
by Praxiteles, nude, in motion, skin realistic, elasticity, going into bath
Hermes and Infant Dionysus
muscular, cantrapposto, intimate with baby shows with expression of face
Lysipos
changed cannon of proportions from 1 to 8