30 terms

HAM Music Terms

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A Cappella
Without instruments or accompaniment
Antiphonal
Sound bouncing back and forth
Ars Nova
Group of composers who self- identify with syncopation
Cantus Firmus
One of the required approved tunes from the Liber usualis
The Chordal Style
Singing the same word at different pitches
Discant Organum
When you take a note from the cantus firmus and extend it to add two more parts of original music to it
Duflay, Ockeghem, Isaac, Josquin des Pres, Obrecht
Great flemish composers in Florence
Estampie/Saltarello
Stomping, earthy, lower class dance songs
Goliard Songs
Anti-religious songs written in church latin, oxymorons
Harpsichord
mini piano, plucks strings, Elizabethian instrument of choice
Hildegard von Bingen
Attracted the greatest brains of europe, could do many different things
Imitation
A round
Liber Usualis
Book of all the songs your allowed to play
Madrigal
4-6 part, a capella, co-ed chorus with one person per part
Melisma
lots of notes to one syllable
Messe de Notre Dame
first polyphonic complete setting by one composer, Machaut
Claudio Monteverdi
One of the first composers
Ordinary
Texts that are always used in church
Proper
Texts that are seasonally used in church
Pavanne/ Galliard
Slower, homophonic, upper class dancing songs
Plain song
Gregorian chant
Sackbut
Early trombone that played the lower singers notes
Shwam
Woodwind instrument that played the higher singers notes
Syncopation
unexpected accents
Terraced Dynamics
dynamics written in the score (forte, piano etc)
Trope
Borrowing stucture to place your music on top of (like writting music on the melisma)
Troubadours/Trouveres
most are composers
Adam de la Halle
most famous trouveres
Bernart de Ventadorn
most famous troubadours
Jongleurs
travelling professional entertainers who perform the troubadours and trouveres songs