29 terms

World History French Revolution Everything Else

So this is everything that doesn't involve the 16-ish sequence of events. This includes all of the "Study Questions" on the test study sheet, all the "SOME (OH MY GOD) people/words to know," all the definitions of Question 1 on the assignment (A) on Homework #7,and finally the 3 estates and their statistics. Some things may be cut but it won't make a difference for this is only for excluding repitition. I reccomend you use this for at least an hour, and finish off by doing the test, preferably m…
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Old Regime
System of Feudalism and Absolute Rule/Monarchy that returned from the middle ages
Estate
Any of the 3 social classes that was in France during the Rule of Louis XVI/French Revolution, included Clergy/Religious Members of Power, Nobility, and Everyone Else/Bourgeoisie
Louis XVI
Ruler before and during the French Revolution, weak and simple minded, thus he did not comply with the 3rd Estate/Bourgeoisie from the beginning (Not wanting to upset the nobles) and thus was a cause for the French Revolution which he was executed in.
Marie Antoinette
Austrian Born Woman who was sent to France to become queen alongside Louis XVI, frivolous spender, victim of French Revolution.
Estates-General
Assembly of Representatives from all 3 Estates, existed before Revolution, 3rd Estate was always outnumbered against unfairly privileged Clergy and Nobility
National Assembly
Delegates from the 3rd Estate, firned after important Estates General meeting and during Tennis Court Oath, wanted Revolution and wrote Declaration of the Rights of Man
Tennis Court Oath
When angry 3rd Estates delegates refused leave Verssailles until a new constitution was written, these people became the members of the new National Assembly.
Great Fear
A wave of senseless panic, when the 3rd Estate and their delegates thought every noble to be against them
Maximillien Robespierre
Leader and essentially ruler during Reign of Terror, gave violent, powerful speeches and saw to the execution of thousands of innocent people, under his Committee for Public Safety which was lead by him and made up of other extreme revolutionists.
Jean-Paul Marat
Very radical and for-revolution newspaper columnist and speaker who was eventually stabbed to death by Charlotte Corday thanks to the numerous amounts of innocent people he had executed.
Georges Danton
First president of Committee of Public Safety, pro-revolution speaker, eventually arrested for being against the revolution and beheaded
Charlotte Corday
Murderer of Jean-Paul Marat, which she saw justified thanks to the ridiculous accusations and executions he was making.
Legislative Assembly
The legislature that was the cause of the Limited Constitutional Monarchy, they had the power to approve/dissaprove the King's laws and approve/disapprove war declarations made by the king
Emigres
Against Revolution, wanted Old Regime/Absolute Monarchy back, obviously of the upper class, fled France as Revolution really took effect
National Convention
The type of government France had after Louis XVI's execution/End of Constitutional Monarchy, a Republic, ended with formation of Directory
Bastille
A prison that was Stormed after the Tennis Court Oath/Formation of National Assembly, a symbol of King's Absolute Rule/Ability to throw anyone in jail
Directory
The final system of government before Napoleon Bonaparte, consisted of 5 directors and had 500 Parliment members and 250 Senate members, you could vote with a certain amount of property, MODERATE, CENTER-ORIENTED
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Document made by National Assembly, made after Women's Bread March, revolutionary ideals
Committee of Public Safety
Essentially the government of France during Reign of Terror, lead by Robespierre, extreme revolutionists, killed thousands
Reign of Terror
1793-1794, when thousands of innocent people, accused of being against the French Revolution, were beheaded by Guillotinem, lead by Committee of Public Safety which was lead by Robespierre
Sans Culottes
Those who demanded change in government, for French Revolution/Reign of Terror
Constitutional Monarchy
The type of government France was when Louis XVI was imprisoned, Louis XVI acted as head of state within parameters of constitution
National Assembly
Original group of revolutionists, wrote Declaration of the Rights of Man, formed during Tennis Court Oath
Republic
A type of government which gives power to the people, versus having all of the power/decision making in the hands of the rulers
Guillotine
Tool/Method of execution, killed thousands during French Revolution, known/used for its quickness/effectiveness/painlessness
Moderate
In between Sans Culottes and Emigres, neither far left or far right, chosen for Directory
Clergy
1st Estate, Religous Estate, Less than 1% Population, 10% Land, 2% Income Tax
Nobility
2nd Estate, Rich Men with Titles Estate, 2% Population, 20% Land, 0% Income Tax
Bourgeoise
3rd Estate, Everyone not in 1st or 2nd, 97% Population, 70% Land, 50% Income Tax
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