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Terms in this set (59)
Sacral agenesis, LE flaccid paralysis, urinary incontinence
Caudal regression syndrome asso. w DM
Long term trt of gout
Xanthine Oxidase inhibitor
Most likely injection spot to injure the superior gluteal nerve
Superior medial quadrant
Trt for essential tremor
Trt for APL
All trans-retinoic acid (VitA derivative)
Hypercoagulable state, endothelial injury, venous stasis
Sites of mucus plugs in CF
lungs, pancreas, biliary ducts, salivary gland ducts
Problem going from tyrosine to fumarate
Causes of pulsus paradoxis
tamponade, constrictive pericarditis, obstructive lung disease, restrictive cardiomyopathy
Trt for acute asthma that relaxes bronchial smooth muscle by INC intracellular cAMP
Trt for patient with HTN and bradycardia
Woman w psych problems that cause real problems after a stressful event
Lung abscess w peptostreptococcus, fusobacterium, bacteroides, or provotella
What can INC power and DEC p-value
INC sample size
What hemoglobin is unable to bind to 2,3-BPG?
Trt for cyanide poisoning
Amyl Nitrite or Sodium Thiosulfate
Jejunal ulcers association
Can get cholera easier if you are on what med?
Omeprazole (cholera needs an alkaline environment)
Non-typable HFlu problems
Otitis media, sinusitis, bronchitis
Immunocompromised, hepatosplenomegaly, tongue ulcers, intracellular organism in macs, hilar aden9opathy
Why do Crohns people get gallstones?
DEC bile acid reabsorption in ileum
Trt for alcohol withdrawal
INC gastric acid secretion, itching, flushing, tachycardia, hypotension, urticaria, bronchospasm
Histamine mediated sx
What cytokines are needed for granuloma formation in TB?
IFN-gamma, IL12, TNF-alpha
What type of hypersensitivity is acute hemolytic transfusion rxn?
Type 2, leads to complement mediated cell lysis
Beta thalassemia mutations cause problems in what?
Seizures, vomiting, tachyarrythmias, abd pain
Spastic paralysis, hyperreflexia, Babinski sign
bcl-2 gene inhibits
Kid w abd pain, joint pain, palpable purpura on LE and hematuria
Henoch-Schonlein purpura (IgA vasculitis after a URI)
Afferent arteriole vasodilation, DEC renin, DEC Na reabsorption, DEC aldosterone secretion, vasodilation, INC vascular permeability
N. meningitidis factor that correlates to morbidity and mortality
Outer membrane lipooligosaccharide (LOS)
What accumultes in the synovial fluid in a flare of gout?
Pathophys behind malignant HTN
hyperplastic arteriolosclerosis in renal arterioles; onion like concentric thickening if arteriolar walls
What causes strictures and fistulas in Crohns?
IgA deposits on tips of dermal papillae
What drug do you give w cisplatin to DEC risk of nephrotoxicity?
Joint stiffness that gets worse w use
Chronic steroid use for asthma can lead to what infection that causes bronchiectasis and eosinophilia
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
Pneumocystis in baby
t cell def
Candida skin test tests for what
Type 4 hypersensitivity (macs and CD4 T cells); no response in SCID
Derivatives of the 6th aortic arch
Ductus arteriosis and pulm arteries
Fishbone stuck in throat can hurt what nerve
Internal laryngeal nerve under piriform recess; problem w cough reflex
Tumors w psammoma bodies
meningioma, papillary thyroid carcinoma, serous papillary ovarian adenocarcinoma
Where does deoxygenated blood in the LA come from?
relaxation of GI smooth muscle, inhibition of gastric acid secretion, INC bicarb and Cl secretion from pancreas
1st line trt for acute gouty arthritis
Alpha 1. Beta 1.
PaO2 changes affect respiration through what chemoreceptors?
Carotid and Aortic
Central respond to changes in CO2
Infection causing mucus and epithelial cells to be seen in stool
UV light causes what in DNA?
Pyrimidine dimers (fixed by endonuclease)
Antiviral that binds/inhibits DNA polymerase and reverse transcriptase BUT does not need intracellular activation
Incomplete fusion of urogenital folds
Trt for orotic aciduria
Antibodies w high specificity for RA
Trt for chemo induced vomiting
Ondansetron (5HT3 receptor antagonists)
Active; prevents progression from G1 to S
Chronic rejection of a lung transplant primarily effects what
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