21 terms

USAP progressive era

STUDY
PLAY
sherman antitrust act
First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions, an 1890 law that banned the formation of trusts and monopolies in the United States
eugene debs
Prominent socialist leader (and five time presidential candidate) who founded the American Railroad Union and led the 1894 Pullman Strike
square deal
Progressive concept by Roosevelt that would help capital, labor, and the public. It called for control of corporations, consumer protection, and conservation of natural resources. It denounced special treatment for the large capitalists and is the essential element to his trust-busting attitude. This deal embodied the belief that all corporations must serve the general public good.
federal reserve
The central bank of the U.S. Controls the the supply of money and attempts to control interest rates.
mcClure's
Cheap 15 cent magazines that most people could obtain. They helped reveal the dirt about trusts, corruption, and other evils. Muckrakers
Niagra Movement
Led by W.E.B. Du Bois, that focused on equal rights and education of African American youth. Rejecting the gradualist approach of Booker T. Washington, members kept alive a program of militant action and claimed for African Americans all the rights afforded to other Americans. It spawned later civil rights movements.
UNIA
Universal Negro Improvement Association; sought to end racism by segregation; promoted black pride and unity.
The Jungle
This 1906 work by Upton Sinclair pointed out the abuses of the meat packing industry. The book led to the passage of the 1906 Meat Inspection Act.
Pinochet-Ballinger Controversy
..
Federal Trade Commission
A government agency established in 1914 to prevent unfair business practices and help maintain a competitive economy and support antitrust.
Paternalism
A policy of treating subject people as if they were children, providing for their needs but not giving them rights.
Ida Tarbell
A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil. Led to demands for more trusts
Mann-Elkins Act
passed in 1910, it empowered the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) for the first time to initiate rate changes, extend regulation to telephone and telegraph companies and set up a Commerce Court to expedite appeals from the ICC rulings. signed by taft
underwood tariff
Pushed through Congress by Woodrow Wilson, this 1913 tariff reduced average tariff duties by almost 15% and established a graduated income tax
graduated income tax
A tax on personal income in which the tax rate increases as income increases; in other words, the tax rate is higher for higher income levels.
meat inspection act
Required strict cleanliness requirements for meat packers and created a program of federal meat inspection. It came about in 1906 as a result of president Roosevelt reading Upton Sinclair's The Jungle. Roosevelt appointed a commission of experts. To investigate the meat packing industry. Then the commission issued a report backing up Sinclair's account of the disgusting conditions in the industry.
The Bull Moose party
roosevelts party-reduce tarrifs. womens suffrage, regulate big buisness, and child labor, 8 hour work days, popular election of senators pensisons for elderly
national park system
1916, manage and preserve forests and grasslands. Wilson
Talented Tenth
According to W. E. B. DuBois, the ten percent of the black population that had the talent to bring respect and equality to all blacks.
Tukeegee Institute
...
Settlement Houses
a welfare agency for needy families, combated juvenile delinquency, and assisted recent immigrants in learning the English language and in becoming citizens. Jane Addams of the Hull House Settlement in Chicago