14 terms

Haiti revolution

significance of slavery
brought in a lot of money from cash crops on the plantation, France's most profitable colony
Free people of color, mixed descent, many whites were afraid of the growing affranchis population taking over
Rise of Touissant Louverture
Touissant joins Spanish army
France Abolishes slavery
1794, Touissant switches loyalty to French
Civil war in Haiti
Touissant and Rigaud start to argue after pushing out british, breaks out into a civil war in 1799
Touissant and Dessalines wins
they win civil war
4 options
1. rebuild colonial economy 2. Reclaim the land 3.accept Louverture's authority in the colony 4. Invade and reestablish slavery
Touissant's leadership
issues a new constitution july 1801
People's response to Touissant's leadership
resist the new laws, some run off from planatations to make their own gardens
Napoleon's reaction to Touissant
irritated by Touissant's presumption, sees constitution as hostile to France sends 20,000 troops under Leclerc, arrive in Feb. 1801
End of Touissant
when he realizes his weak position he tries to retire, Dessalins deflects to French, Touissant captured, jailed anad died
French position of slavery and impact of blacks fighting
rumors napoleon had reinstated slavery is some French colonies, defected officers hear this and stop fighting for Leclerc
Dessalines and other generals reverse in support of France
Join mass insurrection, Dessalines emerges as commander in chief of resistance, maroons fight as independents
Napoleon gives up and sells Louisiana Territory
Napoleon pulls out of the war, Dessalines declares independence