53 terms

Social Work Exam 3

What does empowerment mean?
words are powerful, clients are partners, problems are viewed in contexts
Process of social work
engagement, assessment, intervention, evaluation
preparing, building a relationship, defining purpose, clarifying roles, assessing immediacy of needs
considerations in engagement
personal vs. professional relationship
voluntary and involuntary clients
asking for help
problems are complex
Skills in engagement
-sensitive to culture
-express understanding
knowledge in engagement
-cultural competence
-gathering information
-clarifying, prioritizing problems
-identifying strengths
-assessing resources
-exploring solutions
-setting goals and action plan
considerations in assessment
-clients understanding of the problem
-who's affected and how?
-attempted solutions
-clients hope and motivation
Assessment skills
communication skiils and critical thinking
assessment knowledge
-problem area
-available resources
-theoretical framework
-what works
assessment values
-social justice
-expanding opportunities
-motivating clients
-engaging cultural resources
-planning for implementation
-strengthening personal abilities
-accessing resources
considerations in intervention
-implementation-what, who's involved?
-don't "do for" the client
-recognize structural barriers
-provide support, create resources
intervention skills
intervention knowledge
-strengths perspective
-appropriate actions, interventions
intervention values
-social justice
-worth and dignity
-self determination
-recognizing successes
-evaluating progress
-establishing strengths
Evaluation skills
monitor progress, assess outcomes, determine affectiveness
Evaluation knowledge
Evaluation values
Life span perspective
-individuals are viewed across the lifespan
-from conception to death and dying
-person in environments
-human development
Gap between knowledge and action
-evidence based practice
-intervene early (prevention vs intervention)
(ex. youth gangs)
Physical enviornment
environmental impact on human development (water, air, and soil)
Biological aspects
expansion of knowledge
-functioning of the brain
-links between physiology and behavior
-ethical issues
Erikson's stages of development
Trust vs mistrust - infant

¢ Autonomy vs shame/doubt - toddler

¢ Initiative vs guilt - preschooler

¢ Industry vs superiority - school-age

¢ Identity vs role confusion - adolescent

¢ Intimacy vs isolation - young adult

¢ Generativity vs stagnation - middle age
¢ Ego integrity vs despair - older adult
Maslow's triangle
-self actualization
Social aspects
-mpact social environment
-supportive social environment
-consider traumatic social events
meet present needs without using up resources
Person in environment is constant interaction
interactionism of parts of the world
Bio-psycho-social-spiritual model
holistic view of individuals
strengths perspective
resource in individual and enviornment
Social policy
as a process means policy making
as product means programs and services as enacted legislation that leads to programs
After problems are identified
Emergency focus
Individual responsibility
Providing services is function of society
Prevention focus
Collective responsibility
provides benefits to all people
social insurance
entitlement based on contributions
(adv and disadv)
Restricted to those in need
Means-tested: Income, assets
Public assistance
Social policy defined
-course of action shapes quality of life
-purpose of public policies
Social policies and political ideologies
Conservative- free market, trade resist change, limited government involvement
Liberal-Human rights, equity, civil liberties and rights
Radical-social change, redistribute wealth, social responsibility
History of public warfare
Progressive era- 1910-1920's
New deal and Great depression- 1930's
Great society programs- 1960's
New Federalism's- 1970's
Welfare reform- 1990's
Health care reform-2000's
Public welfare programs
Old age survivors disability health insurance (OASDHI)
temporary assistance of needy families (TANF)
medicaid and medicare
supplemental nutrition assistance program (SNAP)
Old age survivors disability act
largest social welfare program
financial security for workers
viewed as a "right"
Social security in 2011
employer pays 6.2% up to max
1.45% medicare on all earnings
workers pay 4.2% up to max
1.45% medicare on all earnings
Maximum Taxable Earning SS

$106,800 in 2011
5 types of benefits
family benefits
cost of living adjustment
built into Social security
Where is the stigma?
Why is social security not as fair as it seems?
-tax is greater for those with a lower income
-receive more than they pay in
Why is there skepticism about the future of SS?
originally there were more workers than recipients
policy changes to secure SS
-limit eligibility
-increase withholding
-cut benefits
-adjust COLA's
-Private accounts
Guest Speakers
Melanie Pederson
Matt Robison
Melanie Pederson
Social work in the federal Bureau prisons
population in federal prisons - 217, 660
117 total institutions
58% white (white includes Hispanic), 37% black, 1.8% Native American, 1.7% Asian
Matt Robison
treatment with children at risk with developmental disabilities
kids put under care by nurses, pediatricians, psychologists, social workers
ADHD, Autism
Serves 72 counties in Texas
services- autism services, behavior disorders, adoption clinic, jane justin school, psychology, 51% of families are on medicaid or CHIP product
Levels of intervention
Mezzo- small groups
Macro- large groups
Processes of social work
engagement > assessment > intervention > evaluation