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Law/Pyschology Ch. 8

STUDY
PLAY
state of mind
what you are thinking.
motive
the reason a person commits a crime.
strict liability
the legal responsibility for damage or injury even if you are not negligent.
elements
the conditions that make an act unlawful.
felony
a serious criminal offense punishable by a prison sentence of more than one year.
misdemeanor
a criminal offense, less serious than a felony, punishable by a prison sentence of one year or less.
principal
the person who commits a crime.
accomplice
a person who voluntarily helps another person commit a crime; unlike an accessory, an accomplice is usually present or directly aids in the crime.
accessory before the fact
a person who orders a crime or helps the principal commit the crime but who is not present during the crime.
accessory after the fact
a person who, knowing a crime has been committed, helps the principal or an accomplice avoid capture or helps them escape.
crime of omission
failing to perform an act required by criminal law.
solicitation
the act of requesting or strongly urging someone to do something.
attempt
an effort to commit a crime that goes beyond mere preparation but does not result in the commission of the crime.
conspiracy
an agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime along with a substantial act toward committing the crime.
overt
open and clear.