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Ch. 6 Rome

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PLAY
principate
regime of Augustus Caesar
Pax Romana
Roman Peace, age of public order and military stability
tetrarchy
the institutional arrangement created by Diocletian in which rule in the Roman Empire was shared among two Augustuses and two Caesars
dominate
the Roman imperial regime inaugurated by Diocletian in which the emperor was dominus
Apostolic succession
the idea that the authority of the apostles descended to their successors
Petrine Idea
the doctrine that special authority fell to Peter's successor
heresies
beliefs chosen by large numbers of people despite official condemnation
satire
poetic genre created by Horace that playfully rebuked the manners of the age
Horace
poet of the Golden Age, created satire
Neoplatonism
school of thought based on Plato's ideas founded by Plotinus that attempted to reconcile the split between the absolute world of Ideas and the perishable material world
natural law
a justice higher than any human rule or concept, from stoicism
Vulgate
version of the Bible translated into Latin by Jerome
ashlars
massive stones hewn into rectilinear shapes with even surfaces and square corners
voussoirs
wedge-shaped stones that create the rounded arch
keystone
at the center of the semi-circle of the arch, locks the arch in place
vaults
arched ceilings
barrel vault
type of vault that looks like a barrel cut lengthwise
cross vault
two barrel vaults at right angles
oculus
rounded eye in dome of Pantheon
peristyle
colonnaded courtyard
medallions
circular decoration of portraits on Roman architecture
attic
crown of the arch
basilica
large enclosed rectangular structure; floor plan became basis of early Christian churches
apse
curved extension of rectangular end of basilica
nave
central area of basilica
aisles
side passages of basilica
clerestory
row of high-set windows in basilica
transept
crossing section
cruciform
cross shaped
tempera
paint set in a binding solution
mosaics
assemblages of tiny bits of stone, glass, or metal
pantomime
dramatic productions with music and dances
antiphonal
lines sung alternately between leader and a chorus