Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (43)
The leading case of death in the United States is
The six major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that can be changed are
-high blood pressure
-unhealthy cholesterol levels
All of the following CVD risk factors are modifiable
Smoking effects the cardiovascular system by
-damages linings of arteries
-reduces high density lipoproteins (HDL)
-raises levels of triglycerides and low density lipoproteins (LDL).
Exposure to ETS (enviromental tobacco smoke) resulys in approximately
46,000 deaths of non-smokers.
Sustained high blood pressure is an indicator of
High blood pressure contributes to CVD by
damaging vital organs and increasing risk of heart attack, congestive heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and blindness.
The primary symptom of hypertension is
sustain abnormally high blood pressure.
The form of blood fat that caries cholesterol out from the liver to other parts of the body and can lead to cholesterol deposits on artery walls is
low-density lipoproteins (LDL).
The form of cholesterol that shuttles cholesterol back to the liver for recycling is
high-density lipoproteins (HDL).
For adults, a desirable level of total cholesterol is less than how many mg/dl?
A desirable level of HDL for adults is
60 or more mg/dl.
The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) recommends that an adult have an LDL cholesterol level less than
Exercise alters blood fat levels by
decreasing blood pressure and resting heart rate, increasing HDL levels.
Cardiovascular disease risk is greatest foe people who tend to store body fat in the
The recommended level of triglycerides for adults is
less than 150 mg/dl.
The risk of heart attack increase dramatically after age
C-reactive protein is released into the bloodstream in responce to
arteries being injured by smoking, cholesterol, infectious agents, etc.
Metabolic syndrome is
when he/she has 3 or more risk factors with the condition:
-high blood pressure
- low HDL cholesterol
When the heart contracts, called ________, blood pressure __________; when the heart relaxes, called ________, blood pressure _________.
heart contracts= systole > BP= increasing
heart relaxes= diastole > BP= decreasing
The cutoff point for blood pressure at or above which an adult is diagnosed with hypertension is
A blood pressure reading of 120/180 is classified as
normal blood pressure.
How is hypertension usually detected
by having your blood pressure tested.
A person with high blood pressure should increase his or her intake of all of
**foods rich in potassium and fiber!
a cardiovascular disease in which the inner layers of artery walls are made thick and irregular by deposits of a fatty substance; the internal channel of the arteries then becomes narrowed and blood supply is reduced.
Atherosclerosis in an artery supplying blood to the heart is called
The heart muscle receives its blood supply from the
When a coronary artery is completely blocked, the resutl is
The most common symptom associated with angina pectoris is
extreme tightness in the chest and heavy pressure behind the breastbone shoulder, neck, arm, hand, or back.
An arrhythmia is
an irregularity in the force or rhythm of the heartbeat.
Sudden cardiac death most often occurs due to
ventricular fibrillation-- quivering of the ventricle that makes it ineffective in pumping blood.
Blockage of blood supply to the brain causes
A stroke caused by a ruptured blood vessel is a
Strokes can cause permanent damage because
it damages brain cells.
Congestive heart failure is
a condition resulting from the heart's inability to pumo out all the blood that returns to it. Blood backs up in the veins leading to the heart, causing an accumulation of fluid in various parts of the body.
What measures the electrical activity of the heart and can be used to detect the presence of heart disease
ECG or EKG
The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) recommends that daily cholesterol intake not exceed
the total fat consumption is no more than 30% of total daily calories with no more than 10% of those coming from saturated fat.
For heart health, the majority of fat in the diet should come from what fats
saturated and trans fats
Moderate alchol consumption is no more than
-men: 2 drinks
-women: 1 drink
The number-one risk factor for the heart disease that you can control is
Cholesterol testing should begin at age
20 and older.
If you have cardiovascular disease or diabetes, your target LDL level is less than
The most common type of heart valve disorder
Recommended textbook explanations
Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
Michelle Provost-Craig, Susan J. Hall, William C. Rose
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology
Elaine N. Marieb
Seeley's Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology
Andrew Russo, Cinnamon VanPutte, Jennifer Regan
Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology, Student Edition
David N. Shier, Jackie L. Butler, Ricki Lewis
Sets found in the same folder
Health & Wellness Ch. 7
Sets with similar terms
Personal Health Chapter 15: Cardiovascular Health
Chapter 11: Cardiovascular Health
NUT100 ch. 11
HED M03 Test 10
Other sets by this creator
NCLEX REVIEW: Care of Patients with Hematologic Pr…
Chapter 18 Word Parts
Type of Immunity
Sheep Heart Dissection Lab
Other Quizlet sets
rock and culture final exam
BRAZILE ALL QUIZ QUESTIONS
A2 History - Mary's reign - accession, aims and op…