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Urban Growth and Transitions in the United States
Terms in this set (13)
spurred by an open competition among promoters interested in achieving regional domination for their city. The competition stemmed from the recognition that a city's economic prosperity was tied to the relative importance that could be achieved for the city within the developing national system of intermetropolitan dominance and subordination.
The difference between past eras and the present is that now municipal governments are involved in global competition for investments and jobs.
The Race for Regional Domination
It achieved this position by adopting policies congenial to commerce, through innovations in shipping and by virtue of having become the leading hub of finance.
Completion of the Erie Canal system
Opened new land for commercial develop- ment along its entire length and greatly enlarged New York City's access to vast new territories by forging an "overland" route to the Great Lakes network of waterways.
The canal cut transportation costs to a fraction of their former levels.
Growth of the railroads
The railroad had its most vital impact in the West and Midwest, but the significance of this new transportation technology was quickly recognized everywhere.
They opened new land for develop- ment. The routes taken by their main long-distance lines determined whether a town would grow into a city-by being drawn in a central way into the expanding national economy-or remain a locally oriented outpost.
Urbanization was an extension and physical expression of the voracious appetite of the growing economy.
Even more significant was the fact that at the very moment the inventions in farm machinery, the perfecting of the railroad, and the unmistakable westward flow ofthe American population made the occupation of the Midwest profitable, Chicago rose to service this giant hinter- land."
Early Public Transportation and the First Suburbs
The net effect of these improvements was to allow residents who could afford it the chance to move yet farther from the business district, making "the daily commute part of their urban existence"
he zone of daily interaction and communication with the center comprises
Remaking Cities: Transportation, Government Policy, and the Wheels and Wings of Industry
As we have seen, suburban development predated the automobile.
When public transportation looked to government for support, as it often did in the early decades of this century, it was turned down. It was refused subsidy because, unlike the wholly subsidized highway system, it was considered a private investment rather than a public good.
THE CONTINUATION OF URBAN TRENDS SINCE WORLD WAR II: PATIERNS OF GROWI'H IN DECLINE
The beginning of the war was marked by an increase in marriage rates that was soon followed by an increase in birthrate.
It is widely understood that the automobile modified the urban form, allowing cities to sprawl outward across the countryside.
has referred to residential clusters and corridors, small satellite towns and villages, industrial expansions, and even cities subordinate to a greater central influence, like those in the New York metro- politan area.
suburbs were becom- ing more heterogeneous by class, race, ethnicity, marital status, and life-cycle stage.
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