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13 terms

Child Psych 2301 Chapter 6

Social and Emotional Development
STUDY
PLAY
emotion
a feeling state that involves distinctive physiological and cognitive evaluations
physiological aspect of emotion
changes in heart rate and breathing
social aspect of emotion
used to communicate and regulate interactions with others
theory of gradual differentiation
infants are born with the capacity to express only general emotional reactions that are simply positive or negative
discontinuity of emotional development
ontogenetic adaptions
emotions have evolved because they contribute to the infant's survival
attachment
-emotional tie between caregiver and child
-it's not the quantity that matters, but the quality
secure attachment
-react positively to stranger when mother is present
-cry when mother leaves
-greets her when they are reunited
avoidant attachment
-indifferent to parent
-does not cry when parent leaves
-is equally responsive to stranger
-does not react to parent's return
resistant attachment
-stays close to parent and appears anxious
-becomes very upset when parent leaves
-are not comforted by their return
preattachment phase
remain close to caregiver but do not seem to mind when left with unfamiliar caregiver (birth to 6 weeks)
attachment-in-the -making
begin to respond differently to familiar and unfamiliar caregivers (6 weeks to 8 months)
clear-cut-attachment
mother becomes a secure base
experience separation anxiety (8 months to 24 months)
reciprocal relationship phase
engage in activities separated from their mother, but will occasionally return to her