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theory of gradual differentiation
infants are born with the capacity to express only general emotional reactions that are simply positive or negative
discontinuity of emotional development
-emotional tie between caregiver and child
-it's not the quantity that matters, but the quality
-react positively to stranger when mother is present
-cry when mother leaves
-greets her when they are reunited
-indifferent to parent
-does not cry when parent leaves
-is equally responsive to stranger
-does not react to parent's return
-stays close to parent and appears anxious
-becomes very upset when parent leaves
-are not comforted by their return
remain close to caregiver but do not seem to mind when left with unfamiliar caregiver (birth to 6 weeks)
begin to respond differently to familiar and unfamiliar caregivers (6 weeks to 8 months)
mother becomes a secure base
experience separation anxiety (8 months to 24 months)
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