49 terms

The Heritage of the World Chapter 28

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Terms in this set (...)

Lebensraum
the German word for "living space," which Germany planned to take from the Slavs
Manchuria
the country which Japan occupied in 1931
1931
the year when the Japanese occupied Manchuria
Ethiopia
the country which Italy occupied in 1935
1935
the year when Italy occupied Ethiopia
(Rome-Berlin) Axis
the forces (opposed to the Allies) joined together in Europe including Germany and Italy, before and during World War II
Rhineland
the previously militarized territory which Hitler occupied ina daring move
1936
the year when militarization of the Rhineland occurred
appeasement
the Allied policy of making concessions to Germany based on the belief that Germany's gievances were real and Hitler's goals limited
Spanish Civil War
the war which found the Western democracies fighting the fascist states, providing a training ground for Woeld War II
Franco
the fascist who successfully led an army against the Spanish republic
Anschluss
the union of Germany and Austria
1938
the year when the Aunschluss was signed
Munich Conference
the conference at which the European powers allowed Germany to take the Sudetenland in a failed attempt to appease Hitler
Sudetenland
the land in Czechoslovakia near the German border which Hitler hoped to sieze for Germany
Nazi-Soviet Pact
Germany's nonaggression pact with Russia made at the beginning of World War II
September 1, 1939
the date when Germany invaded Poland, igniting World War II
blitzkrieg
Germany's style of "lightning warfare," which employed fast-moving, massed armored colums supported by airpower
Maginot Line
the line between France and Germany, from Switzerland to the Belgian frontier, behind which France remained during the Ditzkrieg
Dunkirk
the place where the British and French armies sought escape after fleeing Belgium during a German attack
Petain
the leader of the new French government who asked for an armistice
Churchill
the British prime minister who criticized the policy of appeasement and inspired Britain with his courage and determination
Roosevelt
the American President who supported Churchill and Britain
Luftwaffe
the German air force
Royal Air Force
the British air force which inflicted heavy losses on the Luftwaffe
Operation Barbarossa
the code name for Germany's invasion of Russia
Rommel
the German general who drove the British out of Africa back into Egypt
Third Reich
the name for Hitler's Nazi regime in Germany
Tojo
the general who led the war faction that took power in Japan and chose to enter World War II
December 7, 1941
the date when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor
Battle of Midway
the fierce air and naval battle in which the United States defeated the Japanese
El Alamein
the place where the British stopped Rommel in Africa
Montgomery
the British field marshal who began a drive to the west
Stalingrad
the key plank on the flank of the German army int he south, where the Russians defeated the Germans despite heavy casualties
June 6, 1944
"D-day," when the Allied troops landed on the coast of Normandy
Battle of the Bulge
the battle in which the Germans launched a counteratack in Belgium and Luxembourg and pushed forward into the Allied line, but were defeated by the Allies
atomic bomb
the secret project which eventually allowed the United States to destroy two major Japanese cities
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
the two Japanese cities on which the U.S. dropped atomic bombs
MacArthur
the American general who commanded the Southwest Pacific in World War II and oversaw the successful Allied occupation of postwar Japan
Hirohito
the Japanese emperor who forced the government to surrender on the condition that Japan retian the emperor
Holocaust
the Nazi extermination ofmillions of European Jews between 1940 and 1945; also caled the "final solution to the Jewish problem"
Goebbles
the Nazi propaganda minister who broadcast exaggerated claims of Nazi victories
Vichy France
the conservative French government that encouraged nationalism
de Gaulle
the French general who fled to Britain after France's defeat and organized the French National Committee of Liberation
Atlantic Charter
the broad set of principles in the spirit of Wilson's Fourteen Points which provided a theoretical peace among the countries involved in World War II
the "Big Three"
the nickname for the USSR, Britain, and the United States and their leaders after World War II
Tehran Conference
the conference where the "Big Three" met for discussions about Russia's treaty with Germany
Yalta Conference
the conference where the "Big Three" where Roosevelt and Churchill made major concessions to Russia to encourage their participation in the war against Japan
Potsdam Conference
the conference where the "Big Three" met for the last time, made decisions about Poland, divided Germany into occupations zones, and established a Council of Foreign Ministers