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17 terms

The Biology of Mind; The Brain

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Brainstem
Responsible for many automatic survival functions
Medulla
Controls heartbeat and breathing
Reticular Formation
Important part in controlling arousal
Thalamus
Sensory switchboard directs messages to cerebellum and medulla
Limbic System
Associated with emotions just as fear and aggression and food and sex drive.
Amygdala
Linked to emotion almond shaped very small
Hypothalamus
Helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland linked to emotion
Cerebral Cortex
Body's ultimate control and information processing center
Glial Cells
Support, nourish, and protect neurons previously underestimated
Frontal Lobes
Involved in speaking, muscle movements, making plans and judgments
Temporal Lobes
Includes the auditory areas each of which receives auditory information from the opposite ear
Parietal Lobes
Portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and toward the rear; includes the sensory cortex
Sensory Cortex
Area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body sensation
Association Areas
Areas that are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking and speaking
Broca's Area
Controls language and expression the ability to form sentences
Wernicke's Area
Controls language and reception the ability to process language
Corpus Callosum
Connects the brain hemispheres and allows messages across hemispheres