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27 terms

PE Praxis 2

More study cards for the Praxis PE Test
STUDY
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Movement
What the body is doing.
Locomotor
Gets the body from place to place. (running, jumping, hopping, skipping, etc.)
Manipulative Body Movements
Uses another object, such as a ball, chair, etc. and an action.
Non-locomotor
continual movement such as bending or stretching
Balance
is the ability to maintain and control body position while in place or moving
Static balance
balancing in place
Dynamic balance
balancing while moving. The ability to maintain body position and equilibrium during movement.
Aerobic
Activities that require oxygen over a prolonged period of time. Rhythmic, steady exercise which uses oxygen to oxidise glucose, fats, and proteins to release energy for the working muscles.
Agility
Ability to change directions rapidly.
Anaerobic
Activity in which the participant performs to the point of oxygen debt.
Flexibility
The ability to move a particular joint through its range of motion.
Metabolism
Total of the energy producing and absorbing processes of the body.
Plyometrics
Measurable increases in jumping and speed.
Power
The product of force and velocity.
Progressive Resistance Exercise (PRE)
The resistance used in training is progressively increased systematically as the body adapts to the training stimulus.
Strength
A measure of one's ability to exert muscular force against a resistance.
Variable Resistance
An apparatus that automatically varies the resistance to the lifter.
Force
Pull or Push
Fine Motor Skills
Involve movements using small groups of muscles in delicate actions, eg. wrist action in table tennis.
Gross Motor Skills
These are skills which involve large groups of muscles, eg. discus throwers.
Isometric Muscle Action
Occurs when a muscle starts to contract and shorten, but is then stopped by an immovable resistance, eg. trying to lift a weight that is too heavy for you to move.
Isotonic Muscle Action
Normal muscle action, when the muscle shortens as it produces movement, eg. a biceps curl.
Interval Training
Training with alternating work intervals and rest intervals, eg. 6 x 200m with 60 seconds rest between each 200m run.
Lactic Acid
An acid produced by muscles working powerfully without enough oxygen (anaerobically). The increased acidity stimulates faster breathing, and causes muscle pain.
Levers
A structure with a pivot point about which an effort moves a load. There are three types of lever according to the different positions of the effort, load, and pivot.
Motion
Movement and the change of position, including the idea of speed.
Motor (movement) Skill
There isn't a single, agreed definition of a motor skill. We could say that motor skill is, 'the learned ability to perform in a physical activity efficiently, successfully, and consistently'.