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More study cards for the Praxis PE Test


What the body is doing.


Gets the body from place to place. (running, jumping, hopping, skipping, etc.)

Manipulative Body Movements

Uses another object, such as a ball, chair, etc. and an action.


continual movement such as bending or stretching


is the ability to maintain and control body position while in place or moving

Static balance

balancing in place

Dynamic balance

balancing while moving. The ability to maintain body position and equilibrium during movement.


Activities that require oxygen over a prolonged period of time. Rhythmic, steady exercise which uses oxygen to oxidise glucose, fats, and proteins to release energy for the working muscles.


Ability to change directions rapidly.


Activity in which the participant performs to the point of oxygen debt.


The ability to move a particular joint through its range of motion.


Total of the energy producing and absorbing processes of the body.


Measurable increases in jumping and speed.


The product of force and velocity.

Progressive Resistance Exercise (PRE)

The resistance used in training is progressively increased systematically as the body adapts to the training stimulus.


A measure of one's ability to exert muscular force against a resistance.

Variable Resistance

An apparatus that automatically varies the resistance to the lifter.


Pull or Push

Fine Motor Skills

Involve movements using small groups of muscles in delicate actions, eg. wrist action in table tennis.

Gross Motor Skills

These are skills which involve large groups of muscles, eg. discus throwers.

Isometric Muscle Action

Occurs when a muscle starts to contract and shorten, but is then stopped by an immovable resistance, eg. trying to lift a weight that is too heavy for you to move.

Isotonic Muscle Action

Normal muscle action, when the muscle shortens as it produces movement, eg. a biceps curl.

Interval Training

Training with alternating work intervals and rest intervals, eg. 6 x 200m with 60 seconds rest between each 200m run.

Lactic Acid

An acid produced by muscles working powerfully without enough oxygen (anaerobically). The increased acidity stimulates faster breathing, and causes muscle pain.


A structure with a pivot point about which an effort moves a load. There are three types of lever according to the different positions of the effort, load, and pivot.


Movement and the change of position, including the idea of speed.

Motor (movement) Skill

There isn't a single, agreed definition of a motor skill. We could say that motor skill is, 'the learned ability to perform in a physical activity efficiently, successfully, and consistently'.

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