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36 terms

SS Ch. 3

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Continents
largest land areas on Earth
Globe
shows true shapes of oceans and continents
Map
Flat representation of a area; like an aerial photograph
Northern Hemisphere
northern half of Earth
Southern Hemisphere
southern half of Earth
Equator
divides Earth into two equal halves
What is the weather like around the equator?
Hot and wet
Erosion
A slo, physical process where water breaks down parts of land
Ecosystem
all the living non-living things in a place
Lines of latitude
run east to west
Lines longitude
run north to south
Geographic tools
A tool that tells where a place is and what it looks like
Equator
On a map or globe, a line that appears halfway between the north pole and the south pole
Continent
One of the 7 large land areas on Earth
Border
On a map, a line that shows where a state or nation ends
Hemisphere
Half of the globe when it is divided into either Northern and Southern halves or Eastern and western halves
Relative location
The location of a place in relation to another place
Physical feature
A feature of a place's land, water, climate or plant life
Plateau
A land form with steep sides and a flat top
Erosion
The wearing away of Earth's surface over a period of time
Mountain range
A large chain of mountains
Vegetation
The plants that grow in a place
Ecosystem
The plants, animals, land, water, and climate that make up an area
Valley
A low land that lies between hills or mountains
Growing Season
The time in which plants can grow
Preserve
To Save
Natural resource
something from nature that people can use such as trees, water, or soil
Nonrenewable
Not able to be made again quickly by nature or people
Mineral
A kind of natural resource found in the ground such as iron or gold
Fuel
A natural resource that is burned to make heat or energy
Renewable
Able to be made or grown again by nature or people
How is a map like an aerial photograph? How is it different
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What are some ways of describing a community's climate?
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How does erosion affect Earth?
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What does a landform map tell about a place?
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What is the difference between renewable and nonrenewable?
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