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Terms in this set (52)
INC AFP and AChEase in amniotic fluid
Neural tube defect
Chalky white lesions in mesentery, fat necrosis, calcium deposition
Amyloid only found in cardiac atria
Nitroblue Tetrazolium test
CGD; catalase+ problems; NADPH oxidase
DEC hypocretin-1 in CSF
Lead inhibits what enzymes in Heme synthesis?
ALAD and ferrochetolase
Why cant we make a vaccine against N. gon pili?
Mold that forms broad, nonseptate hyphae that branch at 90 angles
Mucormycosis (Mucor, Rhizopus, Absidia)
Trt- debride and amphotericin B
Trt for C. Diff
GI bleeding causes an excessive nitrogen load leading to
Transmembrane ATP-gated Cl channel
Trt for homocystinuria
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
Which RNA polymerase makes most of the rRNA
RNA Polymerase I
Hormone levels in Celiac (PTH, Ca, Ph, VitD)
DEC- Ca, Ph, VitD
Neonate w cystic hygroma and lymphedema
N-acetylglutamate is needed for activation of what enzyme (Formed by NAGS)
Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase I
First step of urea cycle
Trt for bacteroides
Piperacillin and Tazobactam
JAK2 (non-receptor tyrosine kinase)
Which type of kidney stone is radioLUCENT (aka cant see that junk on an xray)?
Trt for narcolepsy
Modafinil and scheduled daytime naps
Marker for osteoblastic activity
Muscles of mastication are innervated by
CN V3 (exits at foramen ovale)
INC stool osmotic gap, INC breath hydrogen content, DEC stool pH
Aschoff bodies and Anitschkow cells
Acute rheumatic carditis
CNS response to severe injury
MCC of wet age related macular degeneration
MC site of medulloblastoma
Injury to urethra occurs where when there is a pelvic fracture?
What cells mediate the response to primary TB infection?
CD4+ T-cells and macs
Stimulus control for insomnia
Eliminate stimulating bedroom activity and get into bed only when sleepy
What undergoes necrosis w thiamine deficiency?
Spread pathway for N. meningitidis in the body
Pharynx, blood, choroid plexus, meninges
Pain pancreatic duct comes from which pancreatic bud
Found in poisonous mushrooms
Inhibit RNA pol II (mRNA synthesis)
Why can HepB INC risk for HCC after the virus has been cleared?
It can integrate its DNA into the host genome
ADH effect on urea
INC uptake in medullary collecting duct
AAs w 3 titratable protons
histidine, arginine, lysine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, cysteine, tyrosine
Non-enveloped ssDNA virus
repetitive ischemia of cardiac myocytes or persistent hypoperfusion = chronic but reversible loss of contractile fxn
What is transpeptidase?
Trt of cardio toxicity in TCA OD
Adding a ACE-I to a pt who is on a diuretic =
first dose hypotension
Rapid reversal of warfarin
Acute pancreatitis can lead to pseudocysts. What composes the wall?
Granulation tissue and fibrosis
Why does squatting help pts with tetrology of fallot?
INC systemic vascular resistance = DEC left to right shunting = INC pulm blood flow
Why does omeprazole INC risk of bone fracture?
DEC Ca absorption
In HOCM, what causes the LV outflow obstruction?
mitral valve cusp and the interventricular septum
Gallstone ileus association
Air in the biliary tree
Bacterial and human epitope homology is found in what condition?
Acute rheumatic fever
Where are beta 1 receptors found?
Heart, renal JG cells
NOT vascular smooth muscle
Retinoblastomas and osteosarcomas
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