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Final Study Guide - Science
Terms in this set (43)
formed by the interaction of plant and animal life and the physical environment in which they live
scientific name for humans
All the environments on Earth that support life.
The mostly solid, rocky part of the earth; extends from the center of the core to the surface of the crust.
Layers of air/gasses surrounding the earth.
All the water on Earth's surface
Materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain.
Where can water be found?
atmosphere, on the land, in the ocean, and even underground
All natural resources have an unlimited supply.
False, they do not have an unlimited supply.
Water is recycled over and over through
evaporation, precipitation, condensation
True or False; All natural resources are easily extracted from the Earth.
False, some minerals are very difficult to mine.
Most of Earth's fresh water is found?
in icebergs and glaciers
water is unique because
it is the only substance that can be found in all three forms: solid, liquid and gas
essential for life
factors that can affect the results of an experiment.
There are two types of variables, they are?
dependent and independent
purpose/question, research, hypothesis, materials, procedure, data, conclusion
are the steps to the Scientific Method
As altitude increases, atmosphere density?
What causes wind?
uneven heating of Earth's surface
How often does Earth make one complete turn on its axis?
once a day
Gravity is a force that
pulls an object toward another object
When new inventions are invented,
new uses are often found for the original invention
All the living things in a meadow and the physical environment around them make up the meadow's
The law of conservation of energy states that energy
cannot be created nor destroyed
A change that affects the appearance but not the chemical makeup of a substance
After gasoline is burned in an automobile engine, it is no longer the same substance. The gasoline has undergone a
If you add lemon juice, sugar, and water together to make lemonade, you are creating
Does a solid, liquid or gas have a fixed volume but not a fixed shape?
anything that occupies space and has mass
Mass can be measured in units of
In which states can molecules and atoms move? (even if only slightly)
solid, liquid and gas all move
The main cause of chemical weathering is
rocks breaking down to form sediment due to the elements such as wind and rain
The term cycle refers to a process
that keeps repeating
how much matter makes up an object
Matter is broken down into its smallest parts.
when liquid becomes vapor
inner core, outer core, mantle, and crust
The layers of the geosphere (in the order from inside to outside)
The most abundant gas in Earth's atmosphere is
Weathering, landslides and volcanic eruptions are processes that
destroy land (a destructive force) and build-up land (a constructive force)
The main source of energy for all living things is
Plant life takes in carbon dioxide gas and releases oxygen into the atmosphere. This is an example of how the Earth's environment is a
system with many parts
In order to stay alive and grow, all living must have
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