21 terms

Ch. 5 Language Terms

language terms
British Received Pronunciation (BRP)
dialect of English associated with UPPER-CLASS Britons living in the London area and now considered standard in the United Kingdom
Creole or creolized language
language that results from the mixing of the colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
dialect spoken by some African Americans; combination of "ebony" and "phonics"
extinct languages
once in use--even in the recent past--but no longer spoken or read in DAILY ACTIVITIES by anyone in the world
widespread use of English in the French language; combination of francais and anglais, the French words for French and English
system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or a concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English
boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
isolated language
language unrelated to any other and therefore not attached to any language family
system of communication through speech, a collection of sounds, that a group of people understands to have the same meaning
language branch
collection of languages related through a common ancestral language that existed SEVERAL THOUSAND YEARS AGO
language family
collection of languages related through a common ancestral language that existed long BEFORE RECORDED HISTORY
language group
collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the RELATIVELY RECENT PAST and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary
lingua franca
language of international communication (such as English)
literary tradition
system of written communication
official language
language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents
pidgin language
form of speech that adopts simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages
English diffusing into the Spanish language spoken by 28 million Hispanics in the United States; combination of Spanish and English
standard language
a dialect that is well established and widely recognized as the most acceptable for government, business, education, and mass communication
Vulgar Latin
form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents
diffusion of English words into German, with the "D" for "Deutsch", the German word for "German"