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34 terms

Nursing Care of Pts with Lower Respiratory Tract Disorders

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Adjuvant
Something that assists something else, such as a second form of tx added to treat a disease.
Anergy
Diminished ability of the immune system to react to an antigen.
Antitussive
An agent that prevents or relieves cough.
Atelectasis
Collapsed or airless condition of the lung or portion of lung, caused by obstruction or hypoventilation.
Atypical
Deviating from normal.
Bleb
An irregularly shaped of the skin, such as a blister. May also occur in lung tissue.
Bronchiectasis
Chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi, usually associated with secondary infection and excessive sputum production.
Bronchitis
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchial airways; may be viral or bacterial.
Bronchodilator
A drug that expands the bronchial tubes by relaxing bronchial smooth muscle.
Bronchospasm
Spasm of the bronchial smooth muscle resulting in narrowing of the airways; associated with asthma and bronchitis.
Bulla
A large blister or skin lesion filled with fluid. May also occur in lung tissue.
Compliance
The ability to alter size or shape in response to an outside force; the ability of the lungs to distend.
Ectopic
The hormones secreted from sites other than the gland where they would normally be found.
Embolism
Foreign substance or blood clot that travels through the circulatory system until it obstructs a vessel.
Emphysema
Distention of interstitial tissue by gas or air; chronic pulmonary disease marked by a terminal bronchiole and alveolar destruction and air trapping.
Empyema
Pus in a body cavity, especially the pleural space.
Exacerbation
Aggravation of symptoms.
Expectorant
Agent that promotes removal of pulmonary secretions.
Exudate
Accumulated fluid in a cavity; oozing of pus or serum; often the result of inflammation.
Hemoptysis
Coughing up of blood from the respiratory tract.
Hemothorax
Blood in the pleural space; may be associated with trauma, tuberculosis, or pneumonia.
Hypostatic
Which pneumonia occurs from congestion in the lungs associated with lack of activity.
Immunocompromised
Having an immune system that is not capable of reacting to a pathogen or tissue damage.
Induration
Area of hardened tissue.
Lobectomy
Surgical removal of a lobe of any organ or gland.
Mucolytic
Agent that liquefies sputum.
Paradoxical respirations
Chest movement on respiration that is opposite to that expected.
Pleurodesis
Creation of adhesions between the parietal and visceral pleura to treat recurrent pneumothorax.
Pneumonectomy
Surgical removal of all or part of a lung.
Pneumothorax
Air in the pleural space.
Polycythemia
Excessive red cells in the blood.
Status asthmaticus
Prolonged period of unrelieved asthma symptoms.
Tachypnea
Abnormally rapid respiratory rate.
Thoracotomy
Surgical incision into the chest wall.