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Cardiology ~ Abbreviations

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AAA
A localized dilation and weakness of the wall of the abdominal aorta.
(Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm)
ACE
Inhibitor drugs used to treat congestive heart failure and hypertension.
(Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme)
ACS
Category that includes acute ischemia of the myocardium (because of a blood clot blocking blood flow through a coronary artery) with unstable angina pectoris.
(Acute Coronary Syndrome)
AED
Is a portable computerized device kept on emergency response vehicles to analyze the patient's heart rhythm and delivers an electrical shock to stimulate a heart in cardiac arrest. (Automatic External Defibrillator)
AI
An imperfect closure of the aortic semilunar valve at the junction of the left ventricle and the aorta, due to distortion of the valve leaflets or dialation.
(Aortic Insufficiency)
AICD
A small device that is implanted in a patient who is at high risk for developing a serious arrhythmia.
(Automatic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator)
AMI
Death of mycardial cells due to severe ischemia. The flow of oxygenated blood in a coronary artery is blocked by a blood clot.
(Acute Myocardial Infarction)
AS
An impairment of blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta due to aortic valve disease or obstructions just above or below the valve.
(Aortic Stenosis)
ASCVD
Collagen fibers form underneath the plaque, so that the artery wall becomes hard and nonelastic.
(Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease)
ASD
There is a permanent hole in the interatrial septum.
(Atrial Septal Defect)
ASHD
An artery with arteriosclerosis is said to be arteriosclerotic, due to plaque build up within the artery.
(Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease)
AV
Relating to the atria and ventricles of the heart.
(Atrioventricular)
BP
A vital sign that is measured during the process of a physical examination. Blood pressure is measured with a sphygmomanometer and a stethescope.
(Blood Pressure)
BPM
Ascultation is a procedure that uses a stethoscope to listen to the heart sounds and to determine the heart rate.
(Beats Per Minute)
CABG
Procedure to bypass an occluded coronary artery and restore blood flow to the myocardium.
(Coronary Artery Bypass Graft)
CAD
Arteriosclerosis (blood clot that forms on plaque) of the coronary arteries.
(Coronary Artery Disease)
CCU
A specially equipped area of a hospital providing intensive nursing and medical care for patients who have acute coronary thrombosis.
(Coronary Care Unit)
CHF
Inability of the heart to pump sufficient amounts of blood. Caused by coronary artery disease or hypertension.
(Congestive Heart Failure)
CK-MB
A specific enzyme that is tested for after a myocardial infarction has taken place. It is found exclusively in myocardial cells.
(Creatine Kinase-MB band)
CPK-MB
Also known as creatine kinase.
(Creatine Phosphokinase-MB band)