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25 terms

Simulated Spine Module

STUDY
PLAY
7
How many vertebrae are located in the cervical region of the spine
a toothlike projection on the superior surface of C2
what is the odontoid process and where is it located
15 degrees cephalad
when taking an anterposterior (AP) axial projection of the cervical spine, the central ray is directed
this SID helps to overcome the magnification caused by the increased OID of the position
what is the rationale for using a 72-inch SID for the lateral projection of the cervical spine
Zygapopyseal joints
what anatomic structures of the cervical spine are best demonstrated by the lateral projection
15 degrees cephalad
what is the proper central ray angle and direction for the AP oblique projections of the cervical spine
45-degree posterior oblique position
what is the proper patient position for an AP oblique projection of the cervical spine
intervertebral foramina closer to the IR
what anatomic structures are best demonstrated by the posteroanterior (PA) oblique projections of the cervical spine
12
how many vertebrae comprise the thoracic spine
thoracic
which vertebrae have special facets for articulation with the ribs
thoracic spine
breathing technique is used to advantage when taking a lateral projection of the
a lateral projection of the cervicothoracic region
the patient is positioned with the coronal plane of the body perpendicular to the IR, the midsagittal plane parallel to the IR, and the arm closest to the IR raised over the head. The central ray is perpendicular and centered to the level of the C7-T1 interspace. What projection and anatomy will be demonstrated in this image
a piece of lead placed behind the shadow of the patient's back
what device may be used to improve visualization of the spinous processes of the thoracic spine on the lateral projection
T3 through T12
which structures should be seen on the lateral projection of the thoracic spine
5
what is the number of vertebrae in the normal lumbar spine
lumbar
which portion of the spine is made up of five vertebrae and has a lordotic curve
at the level of the iliac crest in the midline of the patient
when using a 35 x 43 cm IR, where should the central ray enter the patient for an AP projection of the lumbar spine
at a level 1 1/2 inches superior to the iliac crest in the midline of the patient
when using a 30 x 35 cm IR, where should the central ray enter the patient for an AP projection of the lumbar spine
flexing the knees and using a support under them
what positioning maneuver is used to improve patient comfort and reduce the lordotic curve of the lumbar spine when positioning a recumbent patient for an AP projection of the lumbar spine
lateral
which projection of the lumbar spine demonstrates open intervertebral foramina
45 degrees LPO
which of the following body positions will demonstrate the left zygapopyseal joints of the lumbar spine
right zygapopyseal joints
what specific anatomy is best demonstrated on the AP oblique projection of the lumbar spine if the patient is positioned in a 45-degree RPO position
15 degrees cephalad
what is the central ray angle and direction for the AP axial projection of the sacrum
coccyx
what portion of the spine is commonly called the tailbone
the IR should extend from the top of the patient's ear to the level of the greater trochanter
which of the following statements is true regarding spine radiography to evaluate scoliosis