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18 terms

Digestive System

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What is saliva mostly made of?
Water
What does an enzyme do?
It breaks starch into sugar/glucose
How much saliva does a person make per day?
1 liter
Where are the salivary glands located?
Cheeks, front of the ear, and under the tongue
Scientific word for poop
feces
What makes farts?
Gasses created by bacteria
What's another word for fart?
Flatulance / flatulate
The rectum is the last how many inches of the large intestine?
8 inches
What is peristalsis?
When the muscles squeeze to move digested food
What is the bolus?
A nutritional wad of food
What is the main purpose of teeth?
They break food down into easy to swallow pieces using mechanical digestion
What does the stomach start to digest?
Protein
What(inside of the stomach)chemically breaks down food?
Hydrocloric acid
What does hydrocloric acid kill?
Bacteria
What do the ridges in the stomach do?
They contract and mechanically break down food
What is the food when it leaves your stomach?
A liquid
What is pyloric sphincter?
A ring of muscle that lets certain amounts of chyme to leave the stomach into the small intestine
What is chyme?
What the hydrocloric turns the bolus into(a liquid)