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Entire Constitution Test
Terms in this set (103)
What is the purpose of the Preamble of the Constitution?
to explain why the Constitution was being written
What is Article I about?
Congress and the Legislative branch
Name the two houses of Congress
senate and the House of Representatives
How long is a term for a member of the House of Representatives?
What are 3 requirements for a person running for the House of Representatives?
25 years or older, 7 years of being a US citizen, inhabitant of that state
How many people are in the House of Representatives?
Who has the sole power of impeachment?
the House of Representatives
to accuse a federal official of wrong doing
How many senators does each state have?
How long is a term for a senator?
How often is there a senatorial election?
every 2 years
What are the three requirements for a person running for the Senate?
at least 30 years old, American citizen for 9 years, resident of the state
Who is the President of the Senate?
the Vice President of the US
Who has the sole power to try impeachment?
What must the vote be to find someone guilty of impeachment?
2/3 must vote to impeach
What is the penalty for an official convicted of the impeachable offense?
removed from office
the minimum number of members that must be present for the House or Senate to Conduct sessions
What constitutes a quorum for Congress?
What is the "Congressional Record"?
complete written account of everything said in Congress
What is "Congressional Immunity?"
members of the Congress cannot be arrested for "small" crimes
Which house of Congress initiates money bills?
House of Representatives
After Congress passes a bill, what three options does the president have?
yes, no, and I don't care
What must the vote be to override a presidential veto?
What is Article I, section 8 about?
powers of Congress
Does Congress have the power to tax?
Does Congress have the power to declare war?
Name 3 other powers of Congress
raise an army/navy, establish post offices, coin money
What is the nickname for Article I, section 8, 18?
Elastic Clause or Necessary and Proper Clause
What does the Elastic Clause clause mean?
Congress can do anything necessary and proper to carry out its other powers
What year was slave importation made illegal?
What is a "writ of habeas corpus"?
cannot be held in jail without an official charge
What is Article II about?
How long is a presidential term?
How is the number of electors for each state determined?
number of senators plus number of House of Representatives
What are the three requirements to run for president?
35 years or older, 14 years a resident of the US, natural born US citizen
What is the president's salary today?
Who is Commander-in-Chief of the army and navy?
President of the US
What is the President's State of Union adress?
must give a speech once a year on how things are going
For what may high officials be impeached?
big and little crimes
What is Article III about?
How does someone get to be a Supreme Court Justice?
President nominates, Senate approves
How long does a federal judge serve?
Define "original jurisdiction"
hear the case for the 1st time
Define "appellate jurisdiction"
hear the case on appeal from a lower court
In most cases, which jurisdiction (original or appellate) does the US Supreme Court have?
What is the constitutional definition of treason?
making war against your country, giving aid or comfort to the enemy
By what two methods may a person be found guilty of treason?
confession or 2 witnesses
What is extradition?
returning a criminal to state where crime was committed
Under the Articles of Confederation, was the national government strong or weak?
Under the Articles of Confederation, did Congress have the Power to tax?
Was there a president and Congress under the Articles of Confederation, or just a Congress?
Reffering to the Northwest Territory, what law established a policy for creating states and also abolished slavery(in the Northwest Territory)?
Reffering to the Northwest Territory, what law concerned surveying and selling the land?
he led angry Massachusetts farmers who protested bad economy
What was the signifigance of Shay's Rebellion?
it pointed out the need for a stronger government
What was the purpose of the Constitutional Convention?
to write a stronger government
In what city did the Constitutional Convention meet?
Who kept notes from the Constitutional Convention and is known as the "Father of the Constitution"?
Who was the president of the Constitutional Convention?
What are 2 facts about the Virginia Plan?
3 branches, Congress was based on population
What is the New Jersey plan?
congress based on equal numbers
What was the Great Compromise?
senate-based on equal numbers (NJ) house of representatives-based on population (VA)
What was the 3/5 compromise?
3/5 of slave population would count
What was the slave trade compromise?
slave importation would end in 1808
In what year was the Constitution written?
document that sets out the laws, principles, and organization of the government
branch of government that passes the laws
branch of government that enforces/carries out the laws
branch of government that decides if laws are carried out fairly
settlement in which each side gives up some of its demands, in order to reach and argument
system of government in which citizens chose representatives to govern them
separation of powers
principle by which the powers of government are divided among separate branches
What were the people called who were in favor of ratifying the Constitution?
What were the people called who were against ratifying the Constitution?
essays supporting the Constitution
Bill of Rights
first 10 amendments
Why were the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution so early?
to get more people to approve the Constitution
What are the two methods of proposing and then ratifying an amendment to the Constitution?
2/3 of Congress or 2/3 of states
How many states were needed to ratify the Constitution?
Who were the signers of the Constitution from Georgia?
Few and Baldwin
What are the first ten amendments called?
the Bill of Rights
What freedoms (5) are guaranteed by the First Amendment?
religious, speech, press, assembly, and petition
What does "double jeopardy" mean?
cannot be tried twice for the same offense
What does "I take the Fifth" mean?
cannot be a witness against yourself (self incrimination)
What is Amendment 13?
abolition of slavery
What is Amendment 16?
What is Amendment 18?
prohibition of liquor
What is Amendment 19?
women have the right to vote
What does the "lame duck" amendment say?
Inauguration was moved from March to January
What is Amendment 21?
cancel Amendment 18
According to Amendment 22, how many terms can a president serve?
2 terms, 10 years
What is Amendment 26?
18 year olds can vote
How many amendments are there?
Who are Georgia's senators today?
Chambliss and Isakson
Who is your Congress representative?
Where is there mention in the Constitution about political parties and about the Cabinet?
Today which branch of government is the Cabinet a part of?
distribution of power between national government and states
Checks and Balances
each branch of government can check on limit of the other branches
the right of the supreme court to determine if a law violates the constitution
An action taken by Congress to reverse a presidential veto, requiring a two-thirds majority in each chamber.
introduction to the Constitution, "We the people...."
What is Amendment 5?
double jeopardy (cannot be tried twice for the same offence) and cannot be a witness against yourself
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